Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 10 - 2021
Frequency and Pattern of Upper Limb Musculoskeletal Disorders in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Anahita Masoom1, Kamila Hashemzadeh2, Toktam Ghadam Soltani3 and Sahar Ghareh4*
1General Physician, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
2Rheumatic Diseases Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Allergy Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4Department of Internal Medicine, Mashhad branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Sahar Ghareh, Department of internal Medicine, Mashhad branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
Received: August 11, 2021; Published: September 27, 2021




Abstract

Background and Aim of the Work: Higher prevalence of musculoskeletal pain, especially upper limb musculoskeletal disorders was revealed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, we sought to determine the frequency and pattern of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders in patients with T2DM.

Methods: This cross-sectional study, examined 80 diabetic patients who were referred to the clinic of endocrinology in 22-Bahman academic hospital and Persian Diabetes Clinic. Furthermore, the demographic characteristics and prevalence of adhesive capsulitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, and Dupuytren`s contracture were investigated.

Results: According to the results, 8 adhesive capsulitis (10%), 3 trigger finger (3.75%), and 6 carpal tunnel syndrome patients (7.6%) were reported in the study population. None of the patients in this study suffered from Dupuytren`s contracture. Analytical tests showed that carpal tunnel syndrome is more common among women (p = 0.007). There was a significant relationship between trigger finger and age and disease duration (p = 0.018, 0.016, respectively). In addition, trigger finger was directly associated with age. The HbA1c level below 7 showed that there was a slightly significant relationship between adhesive capsulitis and carpal tunnel syndrome. There was an inverse relationship between the duration of diabetes mellitus and the incidence of adhesive capsulitis.

Conclusion: The present study provided some evidence for the importance of musculoskeletal complications in diabetic patients. Besides, the female gender was identified as a risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome. It is important to value the importance of these disorders in the prevention and rehabilitation of diabetic patients.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases

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Citation: Sahar Ghareh., et al. “Frequency and Pattern of Upper Limb Musculoskeletal Disorders in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus”. EC Orthopaedics 12.10 (2021): 05-11.

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