Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 7 - 2021
Evaluation of Factors that may Influence a Medical Student’s Decision to Pursue a Career in Orthopaedic Surgery
Lucy E Meyer1, Symone M Brown2, Kevin Black3, Ann VanHeest4, Lisa Cannada5, Keith Kenter6 and Mary K Mulcahey7*
1Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
3Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Penn State University School of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA
4Program Director, Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA
5Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Novant Health Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Charlotte, NC, USA
6Professor, Chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker, MD School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
7Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
*Corresponding Author: Mary K Mulcahey, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.
Received: June 19, 2021; Published: June 29, 2021




Abstract

Background: Women comprise over 50% of medical students and an increasing number are pursuing careers in surgical subspecialties. Despite improvements, orthopaedic surgery continues to have the lowest female representation among all surgical subspecialties.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the most important factors that motivate and/or deter medical students from pursuing a career in orthopaedic surgery.

Methods: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to PGY1-3 orthopaedic surgery residents at 5 ACGME accredited institutions, applicants to the orthopaedic residency program at the senior author’s institution in 2017 and 2018, and all medical students at 3 LCME accredited institutions. The survey consisted of questions regarding demographics, motivations for pursuing careers in various fields, and factors that may have deterred a career in orthopaedics.

Results: A 25% response rate of medical students (455/1788) was attained. A 20% response rate of 152 orthopaedic surgery residents (152/780) was attained. Many students, 40%, and residents, 45%, indicated that experiences before medical school most heavily influenced their decision regarding desired specialty. Participants responded freely to a question regarding verbal deterrents received about a career in orthopaedic surgery. Medical students and residents indicated the competitive match process and lack of work-life balance were the strongest deterring factors, while patient care was the strongest motivating factor for pursuing a career in orthopaedic surgery. Many of the respondents also highlighted verbal deterrents received during their training.

Conclusion: Overall, men more commonly received deterrents regarding academic performance, while women received deterrents related to physical capabilities and gender.

Keywords: Orthopaedics; Medical Student; Resident; Motivating Factors

References

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  16. Giantini Larsen Alexandra M., et al. “Barriers to Pursuing a Career in Surgery: An Institutional Survey of Harvard Medical School Students”. Annals of Surgery6 (2021): 1120-1126.
Citation: Mary K Mulcahey., et al. “Evaluation of Factors that may Influence a Medical Student’s Decision to Pursue a Career in Orthopaedic Surgery”. EC Orthopaedics 12.8 (2021): 45-56.

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