Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 8 - 2021
Socialization Profile of Adolescents with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Mª del Sol Fortea*, Mª Olga Escandell and José Juan Castro Sánchez
Professors at the University of las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
*Corresponding Author: Mª del Sol Fortea, Professors at the University of las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.
Received: May 23, 2021; Published: July 27, 2021




Abstract

Currently, we are able to ensure that autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a prenatal dysfunction of the Central Nervous System that is characterized by a triad of symptoms observable in the first three years of life: qualitative alterations of reciprocal social interaction qualitative alterations in communication, and restrictive, repetitive and stereotyped forms of behavior, interests and activity in general.

At the behavioral level, the symptoms of autism show great variability, especially depending on the level of cognitive functioning (presence or absence of mental retardation). The most affected people (who have associated mental retardation) lack social and communicative initiative, behave in a very rigid and stereotyped way, lack symbolic play and show great inflexibility to changes in the environment.

People with higher levels of cognitive functioning (without associated mental retardation) initiate and are interested in relationships with other people, they can develop special skills (for example, for music, drawing, computing, history, etc.), but their social interaction difficulties persist (for example, they present difficulties with non-verbal communication, show little reciprocity in the relationship, tend to talk only about the topics of their interest, are rigid and inflexible in their behavior and also in their opinions).

Keywords: Autism; Neurodevelopmental Disorder; Central Nervous System

References

  1. APA (American Psychiatric Association). Draft Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. DSM-V (2010).
  2. Freire S., et al. “An approach to Asperger's syndrome: a practical theoretical guide”. Madrid: Editorial Association Asperger Spain (2004).
  3. Gillberg IC and Gillberg C. “Asperger syndrome some epidemiological considerations: a research note”. Journal Child Psychology Psychiatry4 (1989): 631-638.
  4. Wechsler D. “Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV)”. Madrid: TEA Editions (2005).
  5. Del Barrio V., et al. “Spanish adaptation of the “Big Five” Personality Questionnaire for children and adolescents”. Madrid: TEA Editions (2006).
  6. Silva F and Martorell MC. “BAS-3 Socialization Battery (self-assessment)”. Madrid: TEA Editions (1995).
  7. Silva F and Martorell MC. “BAS-1 Socialization Battery (for teachers) and BAS-2 (for parents)”. Madrid: TEA Editions (2001).
Citation: Mª del Sol Fortea., et al. ““Socialization Profile of Adolescents with Autistic Spectrum Disorder”. EC Orthopaedics 12.8 (2021): 03-06.

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