Guest Editorial
Volume 12 Issue 8 - 2021
The Effect of Exercise on Mineral Bone Density on Postmenopausal Women
Dionysios Prevezanos, Haris Papadaki and Konstantinos N Mastrantonakis*
Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Rethymnon, Rethymnon, Greece
*Corresponding Author: Konstantinos N Mastrantonakis, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Rethymnon, Rethymnon, Greece.
Received: June 30, 2021; Published: July 27, 2021




The disease of osteoporosis in recent years is evolving so rapidly, which is estimated that by 2020 in the United States will affect about 61 million people. It is an asymptomatic disease and therefore its early diagnosis is not attainable. It has been statistically recorded that 10% of patients suffering from an osteoporotic fracture, decease. Exercise is an effective, non-drug intervention to protect bone density and most importantly, improves balance and fitness in postmenopausal women with osteopenia and/or osteoporosis.

 

Based on the international literature, two specific exercise groups seem to monopolize the interest of researchers in the effect of exercise on bone density, the aerobic and the anaerobic exercise. Unfortunately, there are few studies that directly compare the above two types, as almost all studies focus on either only one type or a combination of them [1].

References

  1. Χριστογιάννης Ι., et al. “Οστεοπόρωση και άσκηση”. ΕΧΟΤ, τόμος 64.2 (2013): 62-70.
  2. Turner LW., et al. “Influence of yard work and weight training on bone mineral density among older U.S. women”. Journal of Women and Aging3-4 (2002): 139-148.
  3. Kerr D., et al. “Resistance training over 2 years increases bone mass in calcium-replete postmenopausal women”. The Journal of Bone and Mineral Research1 (2001): 175-181.
  4. Friedman MA., et al. “Calcium- and Phosphorus-Supplemented Diet Increases Bone Mass after Short-Term Exercise and Increases Bone Mass and Structural Strength after Long-Term Exercise in Adult Mice”. PLoS One3 (2016): e0151995.
  5. Klentrou P., et al. “Effects of exercise training with weighted vests on bone turnover and isokinetic strength in postmenopausal women”. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity3 (2007): 287-299.
  6. Cummings SR., et al. “Risk factors for hip fracture in white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group”. The New England Journal of Medicine12 (1995): 767-773.
  7. Smee DJ., et al. “Association between Physical Functionality and Falls Risk in Community-Living Older Adults”. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research (2012): 864516.
  8. Yokoya T., et al. “Three-year follow-up of the fall risk and physical function characteristics of the elderly participating in a community exercise class”. Journal of Physiological Anthropology2 (2009): 55-62.
  9. Turner CH and Robling AG. “Designing exercise regimens to increase bone strength”. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews1 (2003): 45-50.
  10. Liu-Ambrose T., et al. “Resistance and agility training reduce fall risk in women aged 75 to 85 with low bone mass: a 6-month randomized, controlled trial”. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society5 (2004): 657-665.
  11. Wen HJ., et al. “Effects of short-term step aerobics exercise on bone metabolism and functional fitness in postmenopausal women with low bone mass”. Osteoporosis International2 (2017): 539-547.
Citation: Konstantinos N Mastrantonakis., et al. “The Effect of Exercise on Mineral Bone Density on Postmenopausal Women”. EC Orthopaedics 12.8 (2021) 01-02.

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