Review Article
Volume 12 Issue 6 - 2021
Current Concepts in the Surgical Management for Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis
Edvitar Leibur*, Oksana Ivask and Ülle Voog-Oras
Institute of Dentistry, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Tartu University Clinicum, Tartu, Estonia
*Corresponding Author: Edvitar Leibur, Institute of Dentistry, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Tartu University Clinicum, Tartu, Estonia.
Received: April 23, 2021; Published: May 29, 2021


The aim of this paper was to give an overview of our experience about the treatment methods and results we have used in the TMJ osteoarthritis patients treatment. The stages of TMJ disorders are usually classified according to Wilkes [1]. Correct diagnosis is important for successful treatment and decision must be based on clinical symptoms and radiological findings, including the history and ohter diagnostic data as synovial fluid (SF) components, blood analysis etc. Usually SF aspirates are obtained during arthrocentesis or immediately before arthroscopy and used for determination the levels of intracellular inflammatory and pain mediators. In case of episodes of pain, opening reciprocal clicking, locking in the TMJ a conservative therapy with drugs, occlusal splints is indicated (Wilkes stages I-II). In stages III-V surgical procedures as arthocentesis, arthroscopy or arthrotomy are indicated.


Keywords: Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis; Surgical Treatment


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Citation: Edvitar Leibur., et al. “Current Concepts in the Surgical Management for Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis”. EC Orthopaedics 12.6 (2021): 60-66.

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