Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 6 - 2021
Comparison of Radial Shock Wave and Ultrasound Therapy in Lateral Epicondylitis
Shallabh Kumar Singh1*, Md Shahzad Alam2, Anupama Dhuria1, Abhilash Dhuriya3 and Neetika Katiyar4
1Assistant Professor, Allied Physiotherapy Department, Era University, Lucknow, India
2Consultant Physiotherapist, Physiotherapy Department, Delhi Physiotherapy Clinic, India
3Consultant Physiotherapist, Mobilite Stroke Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy Centre, Punjab, India
4Physiotherapist, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
*Corresponding Author: Shallabh Kumar Singh, Assistant Professor, Allied Physiotherapy Department, Era University, Lucknow, India.
Received: April 19, 2021; Published: May 28, 2021




Abstract

Background and Purpose: Lateral epicondylitis is a musculoskeletal disorder characterized by pain over lateral epicondyle that is aggravated by gripping activities. Radial shockwave therapy (RSWT) and ultrasound therapy (UST) are two effective modalities that are used for reducing pain and improving function but their superiority over one another is still controversial.

Methods: 30 subjects were included and randomly assigned into two groups. Group 1 (n = 15) received 4-sessions of Radial shockwave therapy once a week for four week. Group 2 (n = 15) were treated with 12 sessions of Ultrasound therapy thrice a week for four weeks. Supervised exercise program were given to both the groups.

Outcome Measures: Pain intensity was measured using a Numerical pain rating scale (NPRS), Tenderness was assessed by pain pressure threshold (PPT), Pain free grip strength was measured and functional status was evaluated by patient rated tennis elbow evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire.

Result: Result showed improvement in both groups for all the outcome parameters and statistically significant (P< 0.05). In between group comparison all the parameters showed statistically insignificant changes except PPT which is significantly decreased in group 1.

Conclusion: This clinical trial demonstrated that RSWT and UST are equally effective modality for the management of chronic lateral epicondylitis; however RSWT has shown more improvement in PPT.

Keywords: Radial Shock Wave Therapy (RSWT); Ultrasound Therapy (UST); Lateral Epicondylitis (LE); Dynamometer

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Citation: Shallabh Kumar Singh., et al. “Comparison of Radial Shock Wave and Ultrasound Therapy in Lateral Epicondylitis”. EC Orthopaedics 12.6 (2021): 46-52.

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