Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 1 - 2021
The Effects of Massage, Iastm and Foam-Rolling on Skin Thermal Adaptations of Muscles of Different Perimeter and Subcutaneous Fat in Young Basketball Players
Venetia Charalampopoulou1, Konstantinos Mylonas2, Pavlos Angelopoulos2, Elias Tsepis3 and Konstantinos Fousekis4*
11Pt, Msc, Therapeutic Exercise and Sports Rehabilitation Lab, Physiotherapy Department, University of Patras, Greece
22PhD (Cand.), Therapeutic Exercise and Sports Rehabilitation Lab, Physiotherapy Department, University of Patras, Greece
3Professor in Physiotherapy, Therapeutic Exercise and Sports Rehabilitation Lab, Physiotherapy Department, University of Patras, Greece
4Assistant Professor in Physiotherapy, Therapeutic Exercise and Sports Rehabilitation Lab, Physiotherapy Department, University of Patras, Greece
*Corresponding Author: Konstantinos Fousekis, Assistant Professor in Physiotherapy, Therapeutic Exercise and Sports Rehabilitation Lab, Physiotherapy Department., University of Patras, California.
Received: November 12, 2020; Published: December 28, 2020


Aim: Skin temperature adaptations have been used as an indirect way of assessing hemodynamic and metabolic changes following the application of various physiotherapy techniques. This study aimed to examine the thermal skin responses (thermal buildup and retention rate) to massage, instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) and foam-rolling procedures applied on tissues of different subcutaneous fat and perimeter measurements. 

Materials and Methods: Ten (10) young basketball players received three treatments (one per week) of either massage, IASTM and foam rolling for 15 minutes on their quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles. A thermometer was used to assess skin temperature immediately before and after the therapeutic application and every 1 minute after that until it returned to the baseline value.

Results: The application of massage and IASTM led to a more significant increase in skin temperature compared to the foam-rolling application for both muscles tested. IASTM led to a significantly higher retention of elevated temperature, and this adaptation was substantially longer in the gastrocnemius than in the quadriceps muscle. Differences in subcutaneous fat and muscle perimeters does not appear to affect the increase and retention of the skin temperature. 

Conclusions: Soft-tissue techniques can increase and retain the skin temperature of muscles with bigger and smaller perimeters. These adaptations were more evident after the application of massage and IASTM applications. 

Keywords: Massage; IASTM; Foam Rolling; Skin Temperature


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Citation: Venetia Charalampopoulou., et al. “The Effects of Massage, Iastm and Foam-Rolling on Skin Thermal Adaptations of Muscles of Different Perimeter and Subcutaneous Fat in Young Basketball Players”.EC Orthopaedics 12.1 (2021): 05-11.

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