Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 9 - 2020
Surgical Treatment of Lower End of Femur Fractures in Chu - Gabriel Toure
Abdoul Kadri Moussa*, Mamadou Bassirou Traoré, Louis Traoré, Mahamadou Diallo, Layes Touré, Drissa Coulibaly, Tieman Coulibaly and Abdou A Touré
Department of Orthopedics-Traumatology, CHU Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
*Corresponding Author: Abdoul Kadri Moussa, Department of Orthopedics-Traumatology, CHU Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali.
Received: July 10, 2020; Published: August 29, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Fractures of the distal end of the femur are difficult to understand and treat, with significant repercussions on the knee joint. The aim of our work was to assess the outcome of the treatment of fractures of the lower extremity of the femur.

Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out at the orthopedic-traumatology service of the CHU Gabriel TOURE concerning patients with a fracture of the distal end of the femur over 6 years (January 2013 to December 31, 2018).

Results: We collected 41 patients with a fracture of the distal end of the femur. The male sex represented 65.9% with a sex ratio 1.92. The average age was 41, 36 with extremes of 17 and 75. Road traffic accidents were the main etiology with 87.8%. The most frequent anatomoradiological variety was type VI of SOFCOT. Associated lesions were observed in 53.6%, and open fractures type II of Gustilo and Anderson in 21.9%. Osteosynthesis with the plate blade was the most frequent with 46.3%. The prognosis was dominated by stiffness of the knee (43.9%) and vicious calluses (17.03%). At an average follow-up of 30.87 months, functional results were good in 41.5% according to SOFCOT.

Conclusion: Fractures of the distal end of the femur are frequently associated with other lesions. Surgical treatment performed early and appropriately, guarantees an excellent functional result. Sometimes despite this treatment the stiffness of the knee is inevitable especially with the complexity of the fracture.

Keywords: Fracture; Distal End; Treatment; Results

References

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Citation: Abdoul Kadri Moussa., et al. “Surgical Treatment of Lower End of Femur Fractures in Chu - Gabriel Toure”. EC Orthopaedics 11.9 (2020): 24-30.

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