Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 6 - 2020
A Comprehensive Study on Mid Face Fracture of Maxillofacial Trauma Patients: A Selected Case of Road Traffic Accident from Hospital USM from Year 2013 Till Year 2018
Wan Muhamad Amir W Ahmad1*, Farah Muna Mohamad Ghazali1, Ramizu Shaari1, Nor Farid Mohd Noor1, Nor Azlida Aleng2, Mohamad Arif Awang Nawi1 and Muhammad Azeem Yaqoob1
1School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
2Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author: Wan Muhamad Amir W Ahmad, School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia.
Received: April 07, 2020; Published: May 26, 2020


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine, proof and measurement of association among all the possible midface fracture bone in patients treated at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM), Kelantan, Malaysia.

Materials and Methods: The medical records of the patients with maxillofacial fractures treated were reviewed from 2013 to 2018. All the samples were the patients with maxillofacial fractures treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) unit, Hospital USM. Data were collected in the categorical classification under the variables which were zygomatic complex, zygomatic arch, nasal, maxillary sinus, Le Fort I, Le Fort II, Le Fort III, orbital wall, alveolar palatal, naso-orbito-ethmoidal, maxillary bone, other-maxillary buttress. This is very important from the view of treatment modalities practiced for the correction of fractures.

Using IBM SPSS version 24 through the spearman correlation and chi-square analysis, all significant variables were listed, and these variables used for further analysis, through the SPSS modeler using the multilayer perceptron neural network procedure. Through this procedure, all the gained results from spearman correlation and chi-square analysis were validated for their real association of the maxillary fracture.

Results: The sample was selected from 263 patients with maxillofacial fractures treated in the OMFS unit, Hospital USM. It was found the maxillary fracture has strong correlation with concomitant zygomatic complex, Le Fort II, maxillary sinus, Le Fort I, Le Fort III, zygomatic arch, orbital wall, and nasal fracture. The obtained result from both analyses were validated through the procedure of Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network (MLPNN). The results were considered significant if the P-value is less than 0.05.     

Conclusion: Correlation, chi-square and multilayer perceptron neural network show that maxillary fracture is the most common fracture and has strong association with concomitant zygomatic complex fracture. This finding is very important especially for the treatment modalities practiced for the correction of fractures.

Keywords: Maxillofacial Fracture; Correlation; Chi-square; Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network (MLPNN)


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Citation: Wan Muhamad Amir W Ahmad., et al. “A Comprehensive Study on Mid Face Fracture of Maxillofacial Trauma Patients: A Selected Case of Road Traffic Accident from Hospital USM from Year 2013 Till Year 2018”. EC Orthopaedics 11.6 (2020): 59-67.

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