Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 5 - 2020
Assessment of Scapular Muscle Strength and Lumbar Core Strength in Gymers. A Case Control Study
Rachana Dabadghav1* and Pratha Mehta2
11Research Coordinator and Lecturer, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
22BPTh, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Rachana Dabadghav, Research Coordinator and Lecturer, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Received: February 05, 2020; Published: April 29, 2020


Purpose: Shoulder pain and back ache are two most common problems emerging among the gym goers. Hence the objectives were to assess the scapular muscle strength and lumbar core strength in gym goers and normal individuals.

Method: It was a case control study done on 50 gym goers and 50 age, weight and height matched non gym goers. Both the groups were assessed for scapular muscle strength using the scapular load test and lumbar core strength using pressure biofeedback. Scapular load test was measured in standing at 0°, 45°, 90° and 180° at superior angle of the scapula, spine of the scapula and inferior angle of the scapula. The core strength was measured in supine by drawing in maneuver.

Results: There was a significant difference present in the scapular position between gym goers and non gym goers at all angles of shoulder abduction, i.e. 0°,45°, 90° and 180° at all scapular positions with p ≤ 0.05, but scapular dyskinesia was evident at 180° at superior angle, 90° and 180°at spine of scapula and 45°, 90° and 180° at inferior angle of scapula. Also, there was weakness of lumbar core muscles in gym goers as compared to non-gym goers with p ≤ 0.05.

Conclusion: The study concluded that there is a scapular muscle weakness and lumbar core muscle weakness in gym goers, hence it is important to include core muscle strengthening exercises in the regular gym protocols.

Keywords: Lumbar Muscles; Shoulder; Muscle Imbalance; Injury


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Citation: Rachana Dabadghav and Pratha Mehta. “Assessment of Scapular Muscle Strength and Lumbar Core Strength in Gymers. A Case Control Study”. EC Orthopaedics 11.5 (2020): 111-117.

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