Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 1 - 2021
Prevalence and Awareness of Congenital Color Vision Deficiency during Pre-Enrollment Screening of Medical Students of Ain Shams University in Egypt: A Cross-sectional Study
Esraa A Ramadan1*, Hassan A El Sayed2, Abd El Rahman G Salman2, Shaker A Khedr2, Khaled M Abd Elaziz3 and Mohammad A Rashad2
1Ophthalmology Department, Memorial Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Egypt
2Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt
3Department of Community, Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Esraa A Ramadan, Ophthalmology Department, Memorial Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Egypt.
Received: September 29, 2020; Published: December 31, 2020




Abstract

Purpose: To screen for congenital color vision deficiency (CCVD) among newly admitted first-year medical students of Ain Shams University presenting for pre-enrollment health examination and to detect their awareness about deficiency if present.

Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study design was adopted for 304 medical students (116 males and 188 females) before the first year in Ain Shams University. All of them underwent comprehensive eye examination and color vision testing using Ishihara pseudoisochromatic plates for screening of CCVD. All color deficient students were asked about their family history, awareness of their anomalous vision and its possible impact on future medical specialty.

Results: The overall prevalence of CCVD was 2.96%. It was found to be more in males (6.9%) than females (0.5%). Only 11% of the students having CCVD were aware of deficiency and 0% aware of its impact on the future medical specialty.

Conclusion: The male prevalence among medical students is close to highest reported in previous studies and awareness is low. Incorporation of CCVD screening in pre-enrollment examination for medical schools is essential to prevent struggle in education and future specialty selection.

Keywords: Color Vision Deficiency; Medical Specialty; Medical Students

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Citation: Esraa A Ramadan., et al. “Prevalence and Awareness of Congenital Color Vision Deficiency during Pre-Enrollment Screening of Medical Students of Ain Shams University in Egypt: A Cross-sectional Study”. EC Ophthalmology 12.1 (2021): 41-50.

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