Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 9 - 2020
Ophthalmological Symptoms, Evaluation and Diagnoses in Parkinson’s Disease
Marta Fabrykowski1,2, Alessandro Di Rocco2 and Jamie Mitchell1,2*
1Department of Ophthalmology, Manhattan Eye Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, United States
2Department of Neurology, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, United States
*Corresponding Author: Jamie Mitchell, Department of Ophthalmology, Manhattan Eye Ear and Throat Hospital and Department of Neurology, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, United States.
Received: July 22, 2020; Published: August 31, 2020


Objective: To evaluate ophthalmologic symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease patients, the frequency of referral to ophthalmology for these symptoms and the variability in ophthalmologic assessment and diagnosis.

Design: Retrospective case series from January 2016 to December 2018.

Setting: Northwell affiliated primary care and referral centers.

Participants: Parkinson’s Disease patients with a documented ophthalmologic complaint between January 2016 and December 2018.

Exposures: Clinical ophthalmologic assessment for referred patients.

Main Outcomes and Measures: Rate of ophthalmology referral in Parkinson’s patients with eye related complaints, most common ocular symptoms and diagnosis. We also examined the frequency of ophthalmologic testing including manifest refraction, near vision assessment, oculomotor exam and optical coherence tomography.

Results: 123 of the 345 Parkinson’s Disease patients with documented ocular or visual complaint were subsequently seen by ophthalmology, 64 males and 59 females with a mean age of 76.1 +/- 7.78. The most common symptoms included blurry vision (72%), difficulty reading (72%), ocular discomfort (51%) and double vision (31%). The most common ophthalmological diagnoses included glaucoma (30%), dry eye (28%), and strabismus (22%). There was substantial variability in components of the ophthalmology evaluation, specifically the inclusion of optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the retinal nerve fiber layer (33%), and ganglion cell layer- inner plexiform layer (10%), testing of near vision (37%) and manifest refraction (31%).

Conclusion and Relevance: PD patients with visual complaints are under referred to ophthalmology. Furthermore, once patients are referred, they undergo ophthalmological evaluations that are inconsistent and often not comprehensive. Standards for both referral structure to ophthalmology and ophthalmological assessment are integral for optimal patient care.

Keywords: Parkinson’s Disease; Ocular Complaint; Ophthalmology; Visual Dysfunction; Optical Coherence Tomography


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Citation: Jamie Mitchell., et al. “Ophthalmological Symptoms, Evaluation and Diagnoses in Parkinson’s Disease”. EC Ophthalmology 11.9 (2020): 37-45.

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