Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 4 - 2020
Visual Impairment Among Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Haemodialysis in a Tertiary Health Institution in Southern Nigeria
Rachael Aliu1, Elizabeth A Awoyesuku2*, Adedayo O Adio2 and Alfred A Onua2
1Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Elizabeth A Awoyesuku, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria.
Received: February 29, 2020; Published: March 17, 2020




Abstract

Aim: To determine the prevalence and the degree of visual impairment in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.

Methodology: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study. Patients attending the nephrology clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital; diagnosed with chronic renal failure and undergoing haemodialysis were enrolled into the study after obtaining their informed and written consents. A comprehensive ocular examination was done and data recorded in Microsoft excel sheets and later analysed using SPSS version 25. Frequency was presented in percentages. Mean and standard deviations were calculated for descriptive and comparative purposes. Statistical significance was tested using the chi-square test. P-value < 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. 

Results: A total of 170 eyes of 85 persons were examined in this study. A total of 55 (64.6%) males were examined. Male to Female ratio was 1.8:1. Mean age of the study participants was 43.5 ± 15.56 and age range 19 to 83 years. Forty-two (49.4%) of study subjects had visual impairment out of which 2.4% (n = 2) were blind. 

Conclusion: The burden of visual impairment is high among persons with CKD and are on hemodialysis. Comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation and care would therefore be necessary for patients with CKD in our hospitals.

Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease; Haemodialysis; Visual Impairment

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Citation: Elizabeth A Awoyesuku., et al. “Visual Impairment Among Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Haemodialysis in a Tertiary Health Institution in Southern Nigeria”. EC Ophthalmology 11.4 (2020): 37-44.

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