Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 8 - 2018
Accommodative Insufficiency Induced Asthenopia
Kitali Makhulo Jacob, Makori Ondeyo Dennis, Kimani Mwangi Patrick, Kimereng Kipkosgei Paul*, Mwingirwa Stephen and Waituru Warukira Joseph
Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Kenyan universities, Kenya
*Corresponding Author: Kimereng Kipkosgei Paul, Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Kenyan universities, Kenya.
Received: March 14, 2018; Published: July 20, 2018
Citation: Kimereng Kipkosgei Paul., et al. “Accommodative Insufficiency Induced Asthenopia”. EC Ophthalmology 9.8 (2018): 556-571.
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate accommodative insufficiency induced asthenopia among students using computer in MMUST.
Methods: This study used descriptive study with cross sectional approach. The subjects of the study comprised 78 students from the department of computer science, Masinde Muliro University. The inclusion criteria in the study was those willing to fill in the questionnaire and receive the optometric examination, normal visual acuity corresponding to 1.00 LogMar scale and those without ocular disorder capable of obstructing the visual axis.
Results: Among the computer using students the prevalence of asthenopia was 60.30%. The most frequent symptom that was reported was eye pain with a score of 126 among the whole population and 91 among the asthenopic population. The least reported symptom was diplopia with a score of 51 for the whole population and 41 among the asthenopic population. Out of the 60.3% of asthenopic population, 19.1% had accommodative insufficiency. Chi-square test showed association between asthenopia and accommodative insufficiency (p value 0.000).
Conclusion: Asthenopic symptoms were highly prevalent among computer using students in the university setting. There is significant association between asthenopia and accommodative insufficiency, thus there is need for more research to be carried out on this association and accommodation measurements should be performed more routinely and regularly, as screening, especially in computer users and those with asthenopic symptoms.
Keywords: Accommodative Insufficiency, Asthenopia, Computer Using Students
Copyright: © 2018 Kimereng Kipkosgei Paul., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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