Research Article
Volume 15 Issue 2 - 2020
Offer of Gluten-Free Preparations and Operational Processes of the Restaurants of a Gastronomic Walk Located in San José-Costa Rica
Mayra Villegas Barakat1, Daniela Rodríguez Chaves2, Lucia Figueroa Protti3, Andrés Chacón Robles4 and Vanessa Bagnarello Madrigal5*
1Escuela de Nutrición, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED), San José, Costa Rica
2Departamento de Química, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED), San José, Costa Rica
3Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED), San José, Costa Rica
4Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED), San José, Costa Rica
5Departamento de Investigación Básica, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED), San José, Costa Rica
*Corresponding Author: Vanessa Bagnarello Madrigal, Departamento de Investigación Básica, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED), San José, Costa Rica.
Received: December 11, 2019; Published: January 11, 2020


Celiac disease is a disorder of the immune system, caused by the intake of prolamins and glutenins found in gluten. This substance is present in food products that contain in its ingredient’s wheat, barley, rye or mixtures of these cereals. The gluten- free diet requires eliminating all food with this substance and avoiding cross-contamination with other foods that contain it. As of 2015 in Costa Rica, Law 8975 governs which stablish the care of people with celiac disease, but this rule does not include the offer of gluten-free fresh food in restaurants, and neither does it stipulate or supervise compliance with operational requirements that allow preventing cross-contamination with gluten in restaurants. The purpose of this study was to know the offer of "gluten-free" preparations and the operational processes used by the Restaurants located in a specialized food court, through the application of two instruments that included the type of preparations and processing of all material. Additionally, to find out if the establishments have adequate operational processes throughout the process, from receipt of raw material to consumer service, to ensure that the preparations offered as LG comply with the provisions of the standard.

Keywords: Gluten-Free; Cross-Contamination; Operational Processes; Prevention; Costa Rica


  1. Poder Ejecutivo de la República de Costa Rica y Ministerio de Salud. Decreto N° 38514-S: Oficialización de la “Norma Nacional de atención a personas con enfermedad celiaca”. La Gaceta 135 (2014): 14-23.
  2. Codex Alimentarius. Directrices generales sobre muestreo (2004).
  3. Araya M and Parada A. “Poniendo al día la enfermedad celiaca”. Revista Médica Clínica Las Condes 22.2 (2011): 204-210.
  4. Schierhorn C. Why Gluten-Here to Stay. Food Technology Magazine (2018). 
  5. Šálková and Hošková. “Consumer behavior - people intolerant to gluten and gluten- free offer in the pubic catering sector”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 28.4 (2016): 271-276.
  6. Farage P and Zandonadi R. “Gluten-Free Diet: From Development to Assessment of a Check-List Designed for the Prevention of Gluten Cross-Contamination in Food Services”. Nutrients 10.9 (2018): 1-12.
  7. Karajeh M., et al. “Chefs’ knowledge of coeliac disease (compared to the public): a questionnaire survey from the United Kingdom”. Clinical Nutrition 24 (2005): 206-210. 
  8. Vincentini O., et al. “Risk of Cross-Contact for Gluten-Free Pizzas in Shared- Production Restaurants in Relation to Oven Cooking Procedures”. Journal of Food Protection 79.9 (2016): 1642-1646.
  9. Farage P and Zandonadi R. “The Gluten-Free Diet: Difficulties Celiac Disease Patients have to Daily”. Austin Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 2.5 (2016): 1-8.
  10. Red Nacional de Protección de Alimentos (RENAPRA) and Administración Nacional de Medicamentos, Alimentos y Tecnología Médica (ANMAT). Guía de recomendaciones para un menú libre de gluten seguro (2017): 27-32.
Citation: Vanessa Bagnarello Madrigal., et al. “Offer of Gluten-Free Preparations and Operational Processes of the Restaurants of a Gastronomic Walk Located in San José-Costa Rica”. EC Nutrition 15.2 (2020): 01-06.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

June Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the June issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for August Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the August issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before July 13, 2020.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to