Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 4 - 2022
Environmental knowledge and Olive Cultivation in Andalusian Municipalities. Importance in Health Promotion, Type of Diet and Good Nutrition
Juan Limón Mora*
Dirección General de Asistencia Sanitaria, Servicio Andaluz de Salud (S.A.S.), Seville - Spain
*Corresponding Author: Juan Limón Mora, Dirección General de Asistencia Sanitaria, Servicio Andaluz de Salud (S.A.S.), Seville - Spain.
Received: March 02, 2022; Published: March 30, 2022




Abstract

Objective: Using records of mortality and sociodemographic statistics of the municipalities of Andalusia, this ecological study aims to analyse and identify the relationships between different variables such as the olive trees’ surface and mortality rates from different causes. In the absence of municipal information on human food consumption, the analysis of cultivated land surfaces is a possible approach.

Methods: This ecological study analysed information about 408 Andalusian municipalities between two and fifty thousand inhabitants. Mortality rates adjusted for age were calculated between 2011 and 2015. The comparison was made and tested the differences in mortality rates and other sociodemographic variables among three groups of municipalities classified according to the amount of existing olive grove surface. Finally, a linear regression model was developed analysing mortality in relation to different variables (land uses, unemployment, declared income, altitude of the municipality, population evolution).

Results: When comparing municipalities according to "low" - "medium" - "high" olive grove surface, we observed significant differences as well as decreasing trend in mortality rates due to breast tumors, lung tumors, and ischemic heart diseases. The estimated regression model (R2 = 0.38), with the "summary" mortality (breast plus lung and heart disease) as dependent variable, included four predictors: altitude, unemployment rate, olive grove surface and declared income in each municipality.

Conclusions: We identified the four previous variables related to mortality in a significant way. It would be advisable to carry out more ecological studies. It would be also interesting to develop the comparative geographical study of food consumption.

 

Keywords: Ecological Study; Olive Oil; Mediterranean Diet; Mortality Rates; Breast Cancer; Lung Cancer; Ischemic Heart Disease

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Citation: Juan Limón Mora. “Environmental knowledge and Olive Cultivation in Andalusian Municipalities. Importance in Health Promotion, Type of Diet and Good Nutrition”. EC Nutrition 17.4 (2022): 52-60.

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