Case Report
Volume 16 Issue 12 - 2021
Diarrhea Occurrence and Nutritional Status of Children Less than Five years Living in Poor Households Nyabihu District, Rwanda

Jean Leodomir Mfura Habarimana, Nikwigize Solange and Erigene Rutayisire*

Department of Public Health, Mount Kenya University Rwanda, Kigali-Rwanda
Rwanda Food and Drugs Authority, Kigali-Rwanda
*Corresponding Author: Erigene Rutayisire, Rwanda Food and Drugs Authority, Kigali-Rwanda.
Received:October 17, 2021; Published: November 30 , 2021




Abstract

Diarrhoeal diseases remain an important cause of mortality and morbidity among children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries including Rwanda. Therefore, this study is aimed to assess diarrhea occurrence and associated factors among children less than five years living in very poor households of Nyabihu district, Rwanda. The government of Rwanda will use the findings of this research to set new strategy to prevent diarrhea among children less than five years living in very poor households falling in Nyabihu district. A cross-sectional study with quantitative method was conducted in Nyabihu District. A structured questionnaire was used to collect on the study variables. The study targeted all children below the age of five from very poor households residing in Nyabihu district. All 1525 very poor households participated in the study. Data was entered and analyzed with SPSS version 22. Binary and multiple logistic regressions analysis was used to establish factors associated with diarrhea occurrence. Inference was made using a 95% confidence interval and a p-value <0.05. Diarrhea prevalence was high 35% among children under the age of five in Nyabihu district. The findings shows that the majority of children 852(55.9%) were stunted. All children who were stunted reported to had diarrhea two weeks prior to survey. Having family history of diarrhea was associated with diarrhea occurrence among children under the age of five in Nyabihu district [AoR=3.54; 95%CI: (2.445-5.127), p<0.001]. Male children were more likely to have diarrhea compared to female [AoR=1.44; 95%CI: (1.130-1.832), p=0.003]. Children that born with normal birth weight were less likely to have diarrhea compared to those with lower birth weight [AoR=0.37; 95%CI: (0.393-0.753), p=0.045]. There is need to increase support received by poor families in rural area.

Keyword: Diarrhea; Stunting; Nutritional Status; Children Less Than Two Years; Nyabihu District

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Citation: Erigene Rutayisire., et al. “Diarrhea Occurrence and Nutritional Status of Children Less than Five years Living in Poor Households Nyabihu District, Rwanda”. EC Nutrition 16.12 (2021): 41-50.

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