Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 11 - 2021
Nutritional Status and Quality of Life of Adults Living with HIV/AIDs at Muhima District Hospital, Rwanda

Charles Jimmy Rurangwa, Solange Nikwigize, Erigene Rutayisire* and Gabriel Owor Owino

1Department of Public Health, Mount Kenya University Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
*Corresponding Author: Erigene Rutayisire, Head of Public Health Department, Mount Kenya University Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
Received: October 10, 2021; Published: October 29, 2021




Abstract

Malnutrition, especially wasting has been one of the most hallmarks in HIV disease for years and it is thought to play a synergistic role in immunosuppressant initiated by HIV, and also has been proposed to be an independent risk factor of HIV disease progression. This study aims to assess nutritional status and quality of life among PLWHA at Muhima District hospital. A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted at Muhima District Hospital using a quantitative approach. A sample of 372 PLWHA was estimated. Respondents were selected among PLWH from all health centers of Muhima District Hospital through systematic sampling. Data was collected using structured questionnaire. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS 21; and descriptive statistics was used to generate frequencies and percentages while logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the factors associated with quality of life among PLWH. Respondents signed informed prior to the participation in the study. Of 372 people living with HIV/AIDs, 200 (53.8%) were female, 112 (30.1%) were married, 197 (53%) had primary level of education. Regarding nutritional status, the findings revealed that 152 (40.9%) were overweight or obese, 37 (9.9%) were underweight, 32.5% demonstrated poor quality of live. The findings revealed that people aged less than 40 years old are more likely to have good quality of life with [AOR = 2.440; 95%CI = 1.373 - 4.334; P = 0.002] compared to people aged above 50 years old. Compare to respondents without job, the findings revealed those who had small business were more likely to have poor quality of life [AOR = 0.189; 95%CI = 0.054 - 0.669; P = 0.01]. Respondents who were overweight or obese were more likely to have poor quality of life [AOR = 0.134; 95%CI = 0.056 - 0.322; P = 0.001] compared to those with normal weight. There is a need to continue follow-up people living with HIV/AIDs and provide additional support to those with poor socio-economic conditions.

Keywords: HIV/AIDs; Nutritional Status; People Living with HIV; Muhima Hospital

References

  1. Trujilo Elaine., et al. “Assessment of nutritional status, nutrient intake and nutrition support in AIDS patients”. Journal of the American Dietetic Association4 (1992): 477-478.
  2. “Nutrient requirements for people living with HIV/AIDS. Report of a technical consultation”. World Health Organization, Geneva (2003).
  3. Testa and Lenderking. “The impact of AIDS associated wasting on quality of life: Qualitative issues of measurements and evaluation”. Journal of Nutrition1 (1999): 282-289.
  4. Hsu Pencharz and Macallan Tomikins. “Micronutrients and AIDS: A review of current evidence in consultation on nutrition and HIV/AIDS in Africa: Evidence, Lessons and Recommendations for action, Durban, South Africa: WHO department of Nutrition for Health and Development” (2005).
  5. Bhowmik Ananya., et al. “Nutritional status and quality of life of women with HIV/AIDS”. American Journal of Infectious Diseases 1 (2012): 13-18.
  6. WHO QOL HIV group. “WHOQOL-HIV for quality of life assessment among people living with HIV and AIDS: results from the field test”. AIDS Care7 (2004): 882-889.
  7. Folasire Oluyemisi., et al. “Quality of life of people living with HIV and AIDS attending the antiretroviral clinic, University College Hospital, Nigeria” (2012).
  8. Palermo Tia., et al. “Food access and diet quality are associated with Quality of Life outcomes among HIV infected individuals in Uganda” (2013).
  9. Venter Evette., et al. “Nutritional status, quality of life and CD4 cell count of adults living with HIV/AIDS in the Ga-Rankuwa area, South Africa”. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 3 (2009): 124-129.
  10. Trujilo Elaine., et al. “Assessment of nutritional status nutrient intake, and nutrition support in AIDS patients” (1992).
  11. Folasire Oluyemisi., et al. “Measures of Nutritional Status and Quality of Life in Adult People Living with HIV/AIDS at a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria”. Food and Nutrition Sciences4 (2015): 412-420.
  12. United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination Sub-Committee on Nutrition. Fourth Report on the World Nutrition Situation: Nutrition throughout the Lifecycle (2000).
  13. RPHIA, (2018-2019): The Rwanda Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (RPHIA).
  14. FrantzaJose Merle and Murenzi Augustin. “The physical activity levels among people living with HIV/AIDs receiving high active antiretroviral therapy in Rwanda” (2013).
Citation: Erigene Rutayisire., et al.“ Nutritional Status and Quality of Life of Adults Living with HIV/AIDs at Muhima District Hospital, Rwanda”. EC Nutrition 16.11 (2021): 29-37.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 18, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.