Review Article
Volume 16 Issue 7 - 2021
Characteristic of the Biological Factor of the Production Environment of Medical Organizations Containing the Risk of Development of Hospital Infections
GG Badamshina1,2*, VB Ziatdinov1,2, LM Fatkhutdinova2, BA Bakirov3, SS Zemskova1, MA Kirillova1
1Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia
2Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, Russia
3Bashkir State Medical University, Ufa, Russia
*Corresponding Author: GG Badamshina, Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia.
Received: April 20, 2021; Published: June 29, 2021




Abstract

The study is determined by the high relevance of the study of a biological factor that affects the health status of medical workers and determines the risk of the development of hospital infections, including the number of patients. By well-known methods, microbiological studies have been carried out aimed at the isolation, identification of microorganisms circulating in the hospital environment. Microorganisms isolated from the working area of medical workers were identified using chromogenic nutrients and microbiological analyzers. For a complete characterization of microorganisms, tests were carried out to determine the sensitivity of the isolated strains to the main antibacterial drugs. As a result of the research, it was revealed that the priority microorganisms isolated from the air of medical organisms were representatives of the families Staphylococcaceae and Micrococcaceae, causing a high risk of the development of purulent-septic infections. Representatives of normal human microflora - Acinetobacter spp. and Streptococcus spp., game-negative bacteria - Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Ochrobacterium spp., Pantoea spp., Pasteurella spp. The noted resistance of Staphylococcus spp. and Micrococcus spp. In relation to oxacillin and erythromycin, gram-negative bacteria - ceftazidime and amikacin, representatives of non-fermenting bacteria and representatives of the Enterobacteriaceae family - the combination of antibacterial drugs indicates the need to study biological and qualitative characteristics. Resistance identified for Streptococcus spp. campicillin, clindamycin, imipenem, cefepime; Acinetobacter spp. cephalosporins (ceftazidime, cefepime) and moderate resistance to monobactam (aztreonam); Stenotrophomonas maltophilia - ceftazidime aztreonam, in some cases, cefepime, amikacin, imipenem, gentamicin or ciprofloxacin; Ochrobacterium spp. cefepime, aztreonam, ciprofloxacin, amikacin, gentamicin, imipenem, ceftazidime; Pantoea spp. and Pasteurella spp. - different degrees of resistance - indicates a greater resistance of the indicated strains circulating under the conditions of a medical organization, in comparison with data from literary sources.

Keywords: Microorganisms; Air Environment; Biological Factor; Medical Workers; Antibiotic Resistance; Microbiological Research; Antibiotics; Medical Organizations; Nosocomial Infections; Microorganism Resistance

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Citation: GG Badamshina., et al. “Characteristic of the Biological Factor of the Production Environment of Medical Organizations Containing the Risk of Development of Hospital Infections”. EC Nutrition 16.7 (2021): 26-31.

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