Volume 16 Issue 7 - 2021
Good Taste of Healthy Human
Paul Clayton*
Clinical Pharmacologist and Pharmaco-Nutritionist, United Kingdom
*Corresponding Author: Paul Clayton, Clinical Pharmacologist and Pharmaco-Nutritionist, United Kingdom.
Received: May 24, 2021; Published: June 28, 2021

Let them eat cake

The law is often an ass, but every now and then it gets it right. A few months ago, the Irish Supreme Court ruled that the bread in Subway sandwiches contained too much sugar to be classified as bread [1]. The EU statutory limit of sugar in bread is 2% of the flour base but Subway’s ‘bread’ came in at 10%, a mere 5 times the legal limit.

That meant, said Ireland’s 5 top judges, that whatever Subway was wrapping round its sandwich fillings might be cake or brioche, but it was definitely not bread. Mr Justice Cocklecarrot [2] - sorry, Donal D. O’Donnell - explained that the definition was designed to distinguish the staff of life from such frivolous products as brownies and doughnuts.


  1. https://www.independent.ie/irish-news/courts/sandwiches-in-subway-too-sugary-to-meet-legal-definition-of-being-bread-39574778.html
  2. https://livetoad.blogspot.com/search/label/rufo-nanitis
  3. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/popular-brand-of-soup-as-salty-as-seawater-zb935ql93ds
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK50958/#!po=98.8189
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  12. http://www5.agr.gc.ca/resources/prod/Internet-Internet/MISB-DGSIM/ATS-SEA/PDF/6196-eng.pdf
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Mq59ykPnAE
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  19. https://www.dhhs.nh.gov/dphs/nhp/documents/sugar.pdf
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  23. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/42665/WHO_TRS_916.pdf;jsessionid=B225DCE9E1F21A95975A2BD835723152?sequence=1
  24. https://www.wphna.org/htdocs/downloadsapr2012/Vio%20Uauy%20Cornell%20Sugar%20controversy%202007.pdf
  25. https://www.ucsusa.org/resources/added-sugar-subtracted-science
  26. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/sugar-lobbyists-sour-on-study/
  27. Lexchin Joel. “Doctors in Denial: Why Big Pharma and the Canadian medical profession are too close for comfort”. Lorimer Press (2017).
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  29. Alosaimi FD AKA., et al. “Physicians’ attitudes towards interaction with the pharmaceutical industry/Attitudes des médecins par rapport á l’interaction avec l’industrie pharmaceutique”. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 20 (2014): 812.
  30. Andaleeb SS and Tallman RF. “Physician attitudes toward pharmaceutical sales representatives”. Health Care Management Review 20 (1995): 68-76.
  31. Lieb K and Brandtönies S. “A survey of German physicians in private practice about contacts with pharmaceutical sales representatives”. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International 107 (2010): 392-398.
  32. Lieb K and Scheurich A. “Contact between doctors and the pharmaceutical industry, their perceptions, and the effects on prescribing habits”. PLoS One 9 (2014): e110130.
  33. Morgan MA., et al. “Interactions of doctors with the pharmaceutical industry”. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2006): 559-563.
  34. Steinman MA., et al. “Of principles and pens: attitudes and practices of medicine housestaff toward pharmaceutical industry promotions”. The American Journal of Medicine7 (2001): 551-557.
  35. Lieb K and Koch C. “Medical students’ attitudes to and contact with the pharmaceutical industry: a survey at eight German university hospitals”. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International 110 (213): 584-590.
  36. Wolfe SM. “Why do American drug companies spend more than $12 billion a year pushing drugs? Is it education or promotion?” Journal of General Internal Medicine 11 (1996): 637-639.
  37. Wall LL and Brown D. “The high cost of free lunch”. Obstetrics and Gynecology 110 (2007): 169-173.
  38. Feinman RD., et al. “Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: critical review and evidence base”. Nutrition1 (2015): 1-13.
  39. Al-Mrabeh A., et al. “Hepatic Lipoprotein Export and Remission of Human Type 2 Diabetes after Weight Loss”. Cell Metabolism2 (2020): 233-249.
  40. Knowler WC., et al. “Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin”. The New England Journal of Medicine6 (2002): 393-403.
  41. https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/oral-anti-diabetic-drugs-market#:~:text=Global%20oral%20antidiabetic%20drug%20market,10.2%25%20between%202017%20and%202022.&text=Diabetes%20is%20a%20group%20of,normal%20level%20in%20an%20individual
  42. https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2017/04/28/crash-test-dummies-heres-what-the-obesity-epidemic-is-doing-to-them/?sh=39ff227d26ec
  43. https://www.us-funerals.com/funerals-for-oversize-people/
  44. https://www.us-funerals.com/can-an-obese-person-be-cremated/#:~:text=The%20simple%20answer%20is%20that,that%20a%20family%20may%20face
  45. Zanzer YC., et al. “Black pepper-based beverage induced appetite-suppressing effects without altering postprandial glycaemia, gut and thyroid hormones or gastrointestinal well-being: a randomized crossover study in healthy subjects”. Food and Function 5 (2018): 2774-2786.
  46. Westerterp-Plantenga M., et al. “Metabolic effects of spices, teas, and caffeine”. Physiology and Behavior 1 (2006): 85-91.
  47. Woo HM., et al. “Active spice-derived components can inhibit inflammatory responses of adipose tissue in obesity by suppressing inflammatory actions of macrophages and release of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 from adipocytes”. Life Sciences 10 (2007): 926-931.
Citation: Paul Clayton. “Good Taste of Healthy Human”. EC Nutrition 16.7 (2021): 01-05.

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