Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 6 - 2021
Increase the Efficiency of Cutting on the Part of Fruit and Vegetable Raw Materials Close to the Spherical Form
Evgenia V Kravtsova1 and Valery V Pelenko2*
1ITMO University, St. Petersburg, Russia
2St. Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Design, St. Petersburg, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Valery V Pelenko, St. Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Design, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Received: April 21, 2021; Published: May 27, 2021




Abstract

The article concerns increasing the cutting efficiency for the fruit and vegetable raw material close to the spherical form and reducing energy consumption for the cutting process and losses of fruit and vegetable raw materials during processing by profiling the cutting edge of the knife blade. The object of the study was fruit and vegetable fruit and raw materials closest in appearance to spherical form, being a mixture of fruits with different contents of cell sap, for example, citrus fruits and tomatoes. The efficiency of the plant, the type of cut with various designs of the cutting tool, the amount of fruit and vegetable juice being lost depending on the cutting speed and the storage time were determined. The interaction of the blade with the material was analyzed in its simplest case of contact interaction of fruit and vegetable raw materials with cutting equipment. The following aspects were investigated: specific deformations in the contact area; development of a principal solution; the creation of a rational cutting unit and working tools for grinding; the design of technology and the manufacturing of a prototype; installation and debugging; operation of the prototype; fine-tuning of knots or individual parts.

In determining the quality of raw materials conventional and special devices were used. It is shown that, when grinding fruit and vegetable raw material with the blade tool of the proposed configuration, minimal contact forces and a minimum specific energy intensity of the process are achieved since shock loads on the product are eliminated by matching the first derivatives of the blade profile and the profile of the elastic line of the deformed fruits. The device with the experimental knife proved to be more effective both in terms of minimizing the loss of cell juice and in terms of economic advantages of manufacturing and maintenance.

Keywords: Details of Machines and Apparatus; Pretreatment of Food Products; Cutting into Parts; Fruit and Vegetable Raw Materials; Blade Tool; Energy Intensity

References

  1. Fatykhov YuA., et al. “Modelirovanie protsessa pogruzheniya diskovogo nozha v pishchevoi material pri rezanii [Simulation of an Elementary Knife Immersion Depth into a Material at Cutting of Fish]”. Processes and Food Production Equipment 2 (2017): 18-28.
  2. Alekseev GV., et al. “Nekotorye napravleniya povysheniya effektivnosti tekhnologicheskogo oborudovaniya dlya pererabotki pishchevogo syr'ya [Some directions of increase in efficiency of processing equipment for processing of food raw materials]”. News of St. Petersburg State University of low-temperature and food technologies 3 (2007): 52.
  3. Aret VA., et al. “Osobennosti sozdaniya i raboty innovatsionnykh pishchevykh proizvodstv [Features of creation and work of innovative food productions]”. Technologies of food and processing industry of agrarian and industrial complex - products of healthy food 2.16 (2017): 87-91.
  4. Lebed' NI., et al. “Rezul'taty issledovanii razmerno-massovykh pokazatelei plodov yablok [Results of researches of dimensional and mass indicators of fruits of apples]”. News of the Lower Volga agrouniversity complex: Science and higher education 1.26 (2013): 14-15.
  5. Minaeva LV., et al. “Eksperimental'noe opredelenie optimal'noi formy lezviinogo instrumenta dlya izmel'cheniya fruktov i ovoshchei [Optimum Form of the Blade Instrument for Pulverizing Fruits and Vegetables]”. Processes and Food Production Equipment29 (2016): 32-38.
  6. Pelenko VV and Kuz'min VV. “Optimizatsiya formy rezhushchei kromki lezviya nozha dlya volchka pri izmel'chenii okhlazhdennogo ili defrostirovannogo myasnogo syr'ya [Optimization of a form of the cutting knife blade edge for a top when crushing of the cooled or defrostirovanny meat raw materials]”. Food Technologies 1 (2009): 95-96.
  7. Lebed' NI., et al. “Optimizatsiya rezhimov i parametrov lomtikovogo izmel'chitelya yablok [Optimization of modes and parameters of a slice of apples]. News of the Lower Volga agrouniversity complex: Science and higher education 4.28 (2012): 160-164.
  8. Pelenko VV., et al. “Optimizatsiya formy rezhushchikh elementov izmel'chitel'nogo oborudovaniya [Optimization of the shape of the cutting elements of the grinding equipment]. Development of the theory and practice of creating equipment for processing food products”. Collection of works (2004): 14-17.
  9. Ezhova LA and Kravtsova EV. “Sila kvazistaticheskogo rezaniya pishchevykh produktov kak reshenie kraevoi zadachi stesnennoi deformatsii [Force of quasistatic cutting of foodstuff as the solution of a regional problem of the constrained deformation]. Synthesis of science and society in the solution of global problems of the present”. Collection of works (2016): 38-40.
  10. Ezhova LA and Kravtsova EV. “Forma kromki nozha kak uprugaya liniya balki na uprugom osnovanii dlya kvazistaticheskogo rezaniya pishchevykh produktov [Knife edge form as the elastic line of a beam on the elastic basis for quasistatic cutting of foodstuff]. Problems and the prospects of development of science in Russia and the world. Collection of works”. Ekaterinburg 3 (2017): 59-61.
  11. Alekseev GV., et al. “Issledovanie vozmozhnosti modelirovaniya protsessa rezaniya v kamere dlya izmel'cheniya fruktov i ovoshchei [Research of a possibility of modeling of process of cutting in the camera for crushing of fruit and vegetables]”. Proceedings of the Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies61 (2014): 28-33.
  12. Aret VA., et al. “Vozmozhnosti upravleniya protsessom izmel'cheniya putem izmeneniya strukturno-mekhanicheskikh svoistv pishchevoi smesi [The possibilities of controlling the grinding process by changing the structural and mechanical properties of the food mixture]. News of St”. Petersburg State University of Low-Temperature and Food Technologies 4 (2008): 54-58.
  13. Kravtsova EV., et al. “Opredelenie otsenochnykh velichin kriticheskoi nagruzki dlya formy lezviinogo instrumenta [Determination of estimated values of the critical load for the shape of the blade tool]”. Technologies of food and processing industry of agrarian and industrial complex - products of healthy food 3.17 (2017): 59-65.
  14. Lebed' NI., et al. “Lomtikovyi izmel'chitel' plodov [Slice fruit chopper]”. Sel'skii Mekhanizator 3 (2013): 12-14.
  15. Pelenko VV., et al. “Optimizatsiya formy rezhushchei kromki rabochikh organov izmel'chitel'nogo oborudovaniya [Optimization of the shape of the cutting edge of the working organs of grinding equipment]. Actual problems of improving trade and technological equipment and increasing the economic efficiency of trade enterprises. Collection of works”. St. Petersburg (2007): 66-73.
Citation: Evgenia V Kravtsova and Valery V Pelenko. “Increase the Efficiency of Cutting on the Part of Fruit and Vegetable Raw Materials Close to the Spherical Form”. EC Nutrition 16.6 (2021): 06-12.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


February Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the February issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before February 23, 2023.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.