Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 5 - 2021
Physicochemical Characteristics of Bt (Seeni-1) Vs. Local Hamid Cultivar Cotton Seed Oils
Atif AA Yassin1, Samah AM Abdelrahman2, Ayia MA El-Hassan1, Mohamed ES Mirghani3* and Nabil H H Bashir2
1Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Gezira, Medani, Sudan
2Department of Pesticide and Toxicology, Faculty of Agricultural Science, University of Gezira, Medani, Sudan
3International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Gombak, KL, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author: Mohamed ES Mirghani, International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Gombak, KL, Malaysia.
Received: March 24, 2021; Published: April 29, 2021




Abstract

An investigation on physicochemical characteristics of Bt (Seeni-1) vs local Hamid cultivar (cv) cottonseed oils (CSO) was conducted. Protein in Seeni-1 seed was relatively higher than Hamid cv seed. Oil content, ash and fibre of Hamid cv were relatively higher. Ash and oil content in black (chemical delinting) and white (mechanical delinting) seed were relatively higher in Hamid cv. There were no differences between the specific gravity (sp.gr.), refractive index (R.I.) and moisture content of both oils. Free fatty acids (FFA) and iodine value (IV) in Seeni-1 were relatively higher. Saturated fatty acids (SFAs) in Hamid cv oil proved to be more than Seeni-1 oil [automatically the USFA should be higher in Seeni-1]. Phosphorus content in Seeni-1 oil was lower than that of Hamid cv, whereas there was no significant difference in the peroxide value (PV).

Keywords: Seeni-1 cotton; Hamid cv cotton; Cottonseed oil; Physicochemical Characteristics, Bt cotton, Sudan

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Citation: Mohamed ES Mirghani., et al. “Physicochemical Characteristics of Bt (Seeni-1) Vs. Local Hamid Cultivar Cotton Seed Oils”. EC Nutrition 16.5 (2021): 15-22.

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