Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 4 - 2021
Health-Related Physical Fitness Components in Saudi Female Physical Education and Sport Sciences University Students
Mohammad Ali Alahmadi*
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, College of Education, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Mohammad Ali Alahmadi, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, College of Education, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: March 13, 2021; Published: March 30, 2021




Abstract

In Saudi Arabia, physical fitness as an indicator of health and well-being among Saudi females remains poorly investigated compared to physical activity or sedentary behaviour. Therefore, this study aimed to measure health-related physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness, body fat, muscle strength, and flexibility) among Saudi female Physical Education and Sport Sciences (PESS) students at Taibah University in Madinah city, western Saudi Arabia. Forty female students (mean ± standard deviation, age 18.7 ± 0.6 years; body mass 54.7 ± 10.8 kg; height 156.9 ± 5.5 cm) performed QCST to estimate maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). Body fat percentage was determined using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer. Hand grip strength was measured using a hand grip dynamometer, and flexibility was determined using the sit and reach test. The mean (± standard deviation) of the estimated VO2max was 36.3 ± 3.7 (ml.kg.min). The mean (± standard deviation) of body fat percentage, hand grip strength, and flexibility were 32.3 ± 7.8 (%), 17.5 ± 5.0 (kg), and 16.6 ± 3.0 (cm), respectively. It is concluded that a high body fat percentage combined with poor hand grip strength indicates poor physical fitness outcomes. These indicators should both be targeted as a means of improving health status among Saudi female PESS students at Taibah University.

Keywords: Physical Activity; Exercise Training; Flexibility; Muscle Strength; Obesity; Saudi Arabia

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Citation: Mohammad Ali Alahmadi. “Health-Related Physical Fitness Components in Saudi Female Physical Education and Sport Sciences University Students”. EC Nutrition 16.4 (2021): 39-47.

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