Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 4 - 2021
Knowledge and Awareness of Vitamin A Deficiency among Mothers of Malnourished Children in Gadarif Pediatrics Teaching Hospital, Gadarif State, Eastern Sudan 2020
Samia O Massad1*, Razan AM Elias2, Mohammed Ahmed A Ahmed3 and Alia Y Ibrahim4
1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University, Sudan
2Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Nurse Program, Sudan
3Departments of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gadarif, Sudan
4Departments of Community, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gadarif, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Samia O Massaad, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University, Sudan.
Received: January 30, 2021; Published: March 30, 2021


Background: Vitamin A deficiency is a common form of micronutrient malnutrition affecting children worldwide. Diet contains specific micronutrients like vitamin A plays importance role in growth and development and normal functioning of the visual system. Children of mothers having poor knowledge of diet and nutrition are more exposure to VAD. The aim of the present study was to determine VAD among children in Gadarif pediatrics teaching hospital, eastern Sudan and to assess mother’s awareness of vitamin A status through knowledge of the importance of vitamin A, vitamin A sources and the vitamin A deficiency disorders.

Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from 1st January 2020 to 1st June 2020. A total of 41 mothers and their children (< 16 year old) with confirmed Vitamin A deficiency was selected. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data.

Results: Most (56.1%) of the children fall in the category of 4 - 6 years. The mother mean age was 28.9 years, 23 (56.1%) of respondents were from rural background. 20 (48.8%) mothers was illiterate and only 4 (10) mothers studied university. Most respondents (53.7%) had no knowledge about food sources of Vitamin A. 31.7% of mothers responded had the knowledge that vitamin A deficiency leads to night blindness. 53.7% had no knowledge of vitamin A prophylaxis program with statistical significant (p = 0.000) in illiterate mothers as compare to literate mother.

Conclusion: This study revealed that knowledge of the mothers of children with VAD regarding the importance of vitamin A, VAD disorders and vitamin A prophylaxis was low.


Keywords: Children; Mothers; Vitamin A Deficiency; Night Blindness; Prophylaxis; Sudan


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Citation: Samia O Massad., et al. “Knowledge and Awareness of Vitamin A Deficiency among Mothers of Malnourished Children in Gadarif Pediatrics Teaching Hospital, Gadarif State, Eastern Sudan 2020”. EC Nutrition 16.4 (2021): 23-29.

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