Review Article
Volume 15 Issue 11 - 2020
Public Health and Nutrition Programmes to Combat Child and Maternal Malnutrition - A Perspective from Andhra Pradesh, India
Subhasree Ray1*, BLHS Devi2 and Asish Samson3
1Group Corporate Dietitian, Reliance Industries Limited, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
22BLHS Devi, I/c Joint Director, Child Health & Immunization, Department of Health, Medical & Family Welfare, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, India
3Lecturer, Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, EMMI Group of Institutions, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Subhasree Ray, Group Corporate Dietitian, Reliance Industries Limited, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Received: October 18, 2020; Published: October 31, 2020


The Global Nutrition Report 2020 (GNR 2020) reported India as one of the 88 countries to miss global nutrition targets by 2025. The report also cited India as a country with presence of wide range of nutritional inequalities at domestic level. 37.9% of under-5 children are stunted and 20.8% are wasted in India. According to the GNR 2020, one in two women of reproductive age suffers from nutritional anemia. Between the years 2000 to 2016, rates of underweight among children have decreased from 66.0% to 58.1% for boys and 54.2% to 50.1% in girls. Despite the reduction, the values are still higher than Asia’s average of 35.6% for the boys and 31.8% for the girls. Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 stated child and maternal malnutrition as leading level 2 risk factor for attributable Disability- Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) across glove. Poor nutrition in the first 1000 days of a child’s life leads to stunted growth, poor cognitive development, and reduced work performance at a later stage. Maternal malnutrition is directly associated with death during childbirth, severe nutritional anemia, and poor pregnancy outcome in Indian women. Multiple community nutrition programmes are adopted and implemented by the Govt. of India to curb maternal and child malnutrition. But, the outcome of these projects vary as the extent and nature of maternal and child malnutrition in India largely depends on geographic position, age, gender, ethnicity, literacy and socio-economic status. This perspective discusses the problem statement of child and maternal malnutrition that prevailed in India followed by providing insight on various efforts taken by the current Government of the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh in mitigating maternal and child malnutrition by designing comprehensive programmes that target health, nutrition, and education. The current administration of Andhra Pradesh incepted many unique measures like YSR Amrutha Hastham, YSR Sampoorna Poshan, Nadu Nedu, Amma Vodi, etc. to ensure spot feeding, access to optimum nutrition by the socially and geographically backward classes, enhanced school attendance, financial assistance to the women, etc. The schemes aim to achieve an overall reduction in social and nutritional inequality among mothers and children in the state.

Keywords: Public Health Nutrition; Community Nutrition; Nutrition Policy; Nutrition Supplementation; Andhra Pradesh; Child Malnutrition; Maternal Malnutrition; Nutritional Anemia; Education


    1. “Fact sheets - Malnutrition” (2020).
    2. Dandona R., et al. “Subnational mapping of under-5 and neonatal mortality trends in India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 2000-17”. The Lancet10237 (2020): 1640-1658.
    3. Women’s nutrition | UNICEF India. (n.d.) (2020).
    4. “State Fact Sheet Andhra Pradesh” (2020).
    5. “National nutrition supplementation programmes” (2020).
    6. Sachdev Y and Dasgupta J. “Integrated child development services (ICDS) scheme”. Medical Journal Armed Forces India 2 (2001): 139-143.
    7. Sireesha Guttapalam and D L Kusuma. “Mid Day Meal Programme and Nutritional Status of School Going Children - A Study” (2020).
    8. “National Family Health Survey” (2020).
    9. Sample Registration System Statistical Report 2018 Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India Ministry of Home Affairs Government of India New Delhi” (2020).
    10. Afshin A., et al. “Health effects of dietary risks in 195 countries, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017”. The Lancet10184 (2019): 1958-1972.
    11. “Government of India” (2020).
    12. Feeding Mothers, Fighting Malnutrition: The East Godavari Experience |. (n.d.) (2020).
    13. Sethi V., et al. “Delivering an Integrated Package of Maternal Nutrition Services in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana (India)”. Food and Nutrition Bulletin3 (2019): 393-408.
    14. Morón-Duarte LS., et al. “Quality assessment indicators in antenatal care worldwide: a systematic review”. In International Journal for Quality in Health Care7 (2019): 497-505.
    15. YSR Sampoorna Poshana Plus Scheme: Benefits, Objective and Features. (n.d.) (2020).
    16. Kapil U and Sachdev HPS. “Massive dose vitamin A programme in India - Need for a targeted approach”. Indian Journal of Medical Research 138 (2013): 411-417.
    17. National Programme For Control Of Blindness (NPCB): Andhra Pradesh Department of Health, Medical, and Family Welfare. (n.d.) (2020).
    18. Anemia Mukt Bharat-Operational Guidelines Operational Guidelines for Programme Managers Intensified National Iron Plus Initiative (I-NIPI) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India (2018).
    19. Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation | Government of India (2020).
    20. “Nadu Nedu” (2020).
    21. Government schools in Andhra Pradesh see spike in enrolments post infrastructure upgrade| Amaravati News - Times of India (2020).
    22. Jagananna Ammavodi (2020).
    23. Amma Vodi List. Final Eligibility List and Check Online Payment Status (2020).
Citation: Subhasree Ray., et al. “Public Health and Nutrition Programmes to Combat Child and Maternal Malnutrition - A Perspective from Andhra Pradesh, India”. EC Nutrition 15.11 (2020): 71-80.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

January Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the January issue of respective journals and can be viewed in the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for January Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the January issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before January 26, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to