Research Article
Volume 15 Issue 6 - 2020
Blood Biological Profile Evaluation of Women in Childbirth and their Newborns in South Abobo General Hospital (Abidjan, Côte D’ivoire)
Jean Paul Aristide Amani1, N'guessan Jean-Baptiste Oussou2, Rosine Affoué Kouame3, Soualio Kamagate4, Nahounou Mathieu Bleyere5* and Angoué Paul Yapo6
1PhD Student, Physiology of Human Nutrition, Training and Research Unit of Nature Sciences/Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Phytotherapy, Nangui Abrogoua University, Côte d’Ivoire
2Lecturer Animal Physiology and Pharmacology, Training and Research Unit of Nature Sciences/Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Phytotherapy, Nangui Abrogoua University, Côte d’Ivoire
3Doctor in Animal Physiology and Pharmacology, Training and Research Unit of Nature Sciences/Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Phytotherapy, Nangui Abrogoua University, Côte d’Ivoire
4Lecturer Animal Physiology, Research and Training Unit in Biological Sciences, Peleforo Gon Coulibaly University, Côte d’Ivoire
5Senior Lecturer, Animal Physiology and Physiology of Nutrition, Training and Research Unit of Nature Sciences/Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Phytotherapy, Nangui Abrogoua University, Côte d’Ivoire
6Professor, Physiology and Physiopathology, Training and Research Unit of Nature Sciences/Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Phytotherapy, Nangui Abrogoua University, Côte d’Ivoire
*Corresponding Author: Nahounou Mathieu Bleyere, Senior Lecturer, Animal Physiology and Physiology of Nutrition, Training and Research Unit of Nature Sciences/Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Phytotherapy, Nangui Abrogoua University, Côte d’Ivoire.
Received: March 25, 2020; Published: May 11, 2020




Abstract

The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the hematological and biochemical profiles of pregnant women at birth with those of their newborns. To do this, during 17 days, 33 pregnant women from giving birth in maternity of South Abobo General Hospital, were recruited, on criteria for inclusion and non-inclusion. Blood samples of women at childbirth, and in the umbilical cord were performed. Blood samples are obtained with two types of tubes. Some contain EDTA was used for the determination hematological parameters and the others, without anticoagulant, for biochemical parameters.

The results showed a high anemia prevalence (42%) in mothers and (55%) in newborns. this anemia has been in the forms of hypochromic normocytic anemia (HNA), hypochromic microcytic anemia (HmA) and normochromic anemia (NNA), hypochromic macrocytic anemia (HMA) and normochromic microcytic anemia (NmA), observed in all study population. For biochemical parameters, hypercholesterolemia has been observed at childbirth. Moreover, mean values of some biochemical parameters were higher in newborns than in their mothers.

In conclusion, the study reported high proportions of anemia most high among newborns. The types of anemia only in the newborns and significant changes in blood lipids and other biochemical parameters both in the group of subjects.

Keywords: Hematology; Biochemistry; Childbirth; Umbilical Cord; Newborn; Abobo (Abidjan)

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Citation: Nahounou Mathieu Bleyere., et al. “Blood Biological Profile Evaluation of Women in Childbirth and their Newborns in South Abobo General Hospital (Abidjan, Côte D’ivoire)”. EC Nutrition 15.6 (2020): 27-40.

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