Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 6 - 2022
Analysis of Influence of the Bicentenary of Florence Nightingale, 2020: Year of the Nurse and Midwife
Lynn McDonald*
Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Lynn McDonald, Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph, Canada.
Received: April 29, 2022; Published: May 24, 2022


This article reviews coverage of Florence Nightingale in 2020, the bicentenary of her birth, named the Year of the Nurse and Midwife by the World Health Organization. It notes a small number of events and publications in celebration. It relates the emergence of five sources of false accusations against her, several of which go further than those already in the literature, even to “racism” and “genocide” against Indigenous peoples, and in each case without any factual basis. The article goes on to advance primary sources that show otherwise. In some cases Nightingale’s actual position was the opposite to that stated in the accusation. The article reviews references to Mary Seacole made by each of the authors, none of them with primary source evidence, and cites Seacole’s own memoir in refutation. Finally, it shows how the Prince of Wales in 2021 added to the Seacole mythology.

Keywords: Florence Nightingale; False Accusations; Racism; Genocide; Bicentenary


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  11. Queen Elizabeth II. The Christmas broadcast (2020).
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  46. Vallée G. “Florence Nightingale on social change in India”. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press (2007): 363.
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  48. McDonald L. “Mary Seacole: the making of the myth”. Toronto: Iguana Books (2014).
  49. McDonald L. “Florence Nightingale on wars and the war office”. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press (2011): 849.
  50. Prince of Wales. “Nurses have done so much to make the nation proud”. The Times (2021).
Citation: Lynn McDonald. “Analysis of Influence of the Bicentenary of Florence Nightingale, 2020: Year of the Nurse and Midwife”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 4.6 (2022): 39-48.

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