Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 1 - 2021
An Assessment of Environmental Sanitation Management in Chilomoni (Nandolo Slums)
Patricia Singini*
Department of Developmental Studies, University of Exploits, Lilongwe, Malawi
*Corresponding Author: Patricia Singini, Department of Developmental Studies, University of Exploits, Lilongwe, Malawi.
Received: October 14, 2020; Published: February 18, 2021




Abstract

The study focuses on the health sanitation especially in slums which are near city council locations. The world health organization presents sanitation as the provision of health facilities and service for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces. Inadequate sanitation is the major cause of diseases worldwide and improving sanitation is known to have a significance beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities en.wikipedia.org/wk./sanitation (2005). The author has found it important to help manage sanitation in slums in order to try reduce the major cause of diseases. These slums have mostly been developed due to overcrowding of cities following rural to urban migration to which cities following rural to urban migration of which cities cannot manage to provide shelter thereby development of slums. The study helped to find out the impact of sanitation in these areas, does the environment play a role in effecting sanitation, and does the environment bring any effect as the areas that have the character of unplanned buildings, throwing of garbage’s everywhere, sharing pit latrines. The study was conducted at Nandolo slums in chilomoni location in the city of Blantyre.
The researcher used both qualitative and quantitative data collection of questionnaires to collect data various respondents. The data has been taken in tow sets, firstly from the health personnel who are supervisors of sanitation in these areas the second one has been taken from the community of Nandolo. All data was analyzed using spss, chi-square program in order to group the data and to generate tables and graphs.
The result have shown that sanitation is poor in Nandolo slums the community do not have enough sanitation facilities like toilets (pit-latrines) many households use the same toilets the same applies to rubbish pits both of these lacking in the home shows bad indicators of sanitation. Number of sanitation supervisors who are health surveillance carrying out public health is less according to the number of people in the catchment area. Number of health education to change the attitude of the community hence bringing negative impact of sanitation by the manifestation of high rate of sanitation diseases like malaria and bilharzia.
The author recommends the responsible authorities like Malawi Housing Corporation. Ministry of health, Blantyre city and town planning to work in collaboration in order to fight poor sanitation in the community, community members HSAs who are on the ground providing practical public health to the community and village health committees which is within the community to take active role in managing sanitation and work in collaboration to achieve the goals. Recruiting more health surveillance assistance to meet the demand of the catchment area and to upgrade slums to city location in order for the city council take full responsibility of the areas.

Keywords: Environmental Sanitation Management; Chilomoni (Nandolo Slums)

References

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Citation: Patricia Singini. “An Assessment of Environmental Sanitation Management in Chilomoni (Nandolo Slums)”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 184-199.

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