Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 3 - 2021
Social and Family Factors Associated with the Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Children Born a Second-Level Institution of the City of Cartagena
Carmen Elena Díaz Montes1*, Daniela Sofía Hurtado Tapia2 and Laura Vanesa Sarmiiento Lopez2
1Nurse Master of Education, Family Health Specialist, University Professor, University of Cartagena, Colombia
2Nurse, University of de Cartagena, Colombia
*Corresponding Author:Carmen Elena Díaz Montes, Nurse Master of Education, Family Health Specialist, University Professor, University of Cartagena, Colombia.
Received: October 21, 2020; Published: February 09, 2021


Background: Many factors influence the initiation and early abandonment of exclusive breastfeeding; at a general level, they may depend on the mother, the newborn, the culture, the clinic or hospital, the family and social environment. The objective of the study is to establish an association between social and family factors with the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in children born in an institution in the city of Cartagena, Colombia.

Methods: An analytical study is carried out, with 179 mothers of children born in a second-level hospital in the city of Cartagena, it was calculated taking into account: a confidence level of 95%, significance level of 5% and a P: 55%. Follow-up was carried out during the first month of the child's life. The information was collected through the National Breastfeeding Survey (ENALMA) and a follow survey that inquired about family characteristics and social support. The sample was selected through a systematic probability sampling.

Results: The main reason for abandoning EBF is the myth that the child is left hungry with 23.46%. Of the mothers surveyed, 43.89% left EBF before the first month of the newborn's life. The study showed that 37.99% included water or juice in the feeding of the newborn, 36.11% included milk formulas. Only marital status (married) was related to this practice OR 3.7143 (95% CI 1.09 - 12.56).

Conclusion: EBF is below international recommendations, married mothers are 3.7 times more likely to breastfeed than single mothers. On the other hand, family support was not associated with the practice of EBF.


Keywords: Breastfeeding; Prevalence; Social Factors; Family (DesCs)


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Citation: Carmen Elena Díaz Montes., et al. “Social and Family Factors Associated with the Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Children Born a Second-Level Institution of the City of Cartagena”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 90-97.

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