Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 3 - 2021
Social and Family Factors Associated with the Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Children Born a Second-Level Institution of the City of Cartagena
Carmen Elena Díaz Montes1*, Daniela Sofía Hurtado Tapia2 and Laura Vanesa Sarmiiento Lopez2
1Nurse Master of Education, Family Health Specialist, University Professor, University of Cartagena, Colombia
2Nurse, University of de Cartagena, Colombia
*Corresponding Author:Carmen Elena Díaz Montes, Nurse Master of Education, Family Health Specialist, University Professor, University of Cartagena, Colombia.
Received: October 21, 2020; Published: February 09, 2021




Abstract

Background: Many factors influence the initiation and early abandonment of exclusive breastfeeding; at a general level, they may depend on the mother, the newborn, the culture, the clinic or hospital, the family and social environment. The objective of the study is to establish an association between social and family factors with the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in children born in an institution in the city of Cartagena, Colombia.

Methods: An analytical study is carried out, with 179 mothers of children born in a second-level hospital in the city of Cartagena, it was calculated taking into account: a confidence level of 95%, significance level of 5% and a P: 55%. Follow-up was carried out during the first month of the child's life. The information was collected through the National Breastfeeding Survey (ENALMA) and a follow survey that inquired about family characteristics and social support. The sample was selected through a systematic probability sampling.

Results: The main reason for abandoning EBF is the myth that the child is left hungry with 23.46%. Of the mothers surveyed, 43.89% left EBF before the first month of the newborn's life. The study showed that 37.99% included water or juice in the feeding of the newborn, 36.11% included milk formulas. Only marital status (married) was related to this practice OR 3.7143 (95% CI 1.09 - 12.56).

Conclusion: EBF is below international recommendations, married mothers are 3.7 times more likely to breastfeed than single mothers. On the other hand, family support was not associated with the practice of EBF.

 

Keywords: Breastfeeding; Prevalence; Social Factors; Family (DesCs)

References

    1. Organización Mundial de la Salud. Nutrición. Lactancia Materna Exclusiva (20018).
    2. Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Encuesta Nacional de Salud España (2018).
    3. Ministerio De Salud Y Protección Social, Colombia. Encuesta Nacional De La Situación Nutricional (2017).
    4. Díaz C., et al. “Factors associated with breastfeeding in children less than one year of age in the city of Cartagena, Colombia”. Colombia Médica 2-1 (2011): 26-34.
    5. Niño R., et al. “Factores Asociados A La Lactancia Materna Exclusiva, Santiago De Chile”. Revista Chilena de Pediatría 2 (2012): 161-169.
    6. López B., et al. “Reasons for abandoning early exclusive breastfeeding: an unsolved public health problem in Medellín (2013).
    7. Roig A., et al. “Factors associated to breastfeeding cessation before 6 months”. The Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem 3 (2010).
    8. Piñeros BS and Camacho NJ. “Factores que inciden en la suspensión de la lactancia materna exclusive”. Orinoquia 1 (2004): 6-14.
    9. Becerra F., et al. “El entorno familiar y social de la madre como factor que promueve o dificulta la lactancia maternal”. Revista de la Facultad de Medicina2 (2015): 217-227.
    10. Laghi Rey A., et al. “Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding cessation in a sample of mothers from Lima, Peru, 2013”. Archivos de Medicina3 (2015): 11.
    11. Avalos M. “Behavior of some biosocial factors related to breastfeeding in babies aged less than 1 year”. La Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral (2011).
    12. Alfonso Herrero L and Gorrita Pérez R. “¿Cómo influyen diferentes factores psicosociales en el abandono precoz de la lactancia materna?” Medimay3 (2009): 6.
    13. Díaz-Campos A and Díaz-Ortiz A. “Comportamiento de la lactancia materna en madres de lactantes. Consultorio #6. Policlínico Emilio Daudinot Bueno. 2008-2009”. Portales Médicos23 (2010).
    14. Mateus SJC and Cabrera AGA. “Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in a cohort of women from Cali, Colombia”. Colombia Médica 1 (2019): xx-xx.
    15. K Heck., et al. “Socioeconomic Status and Breastfeeding initiation Among California Mothers”. Public Health Reports 1 (2006): 51-59.
    16. J Rius and J Ortuño C. “Rivas. Factors associated with early weaning in a Spanish 80 (2014): 1.
    17. MC Prendes., et al. “Factores maternos asociados a la duración de la lactancia materna en santos Suarez.
    18. ME Losa., et al. “The Grandmother’s Role in Breastfeeding”. Aquichan Disponible (2013).
    19. E Gamboa., et al. “[Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to breast-feeding in women in reproductive age in a vulnerable population]”. Revista Chilena de Nutricion (2008).
    20. Camargo Figuera., et al. “Factores Asociados Al Abandono De La Lactancia Materna Exclusiva”. Revista Hacia la Promoción de la Salud1 (2011): 56-72.
    21. Acosta Silva M. “Causas que determinan la interrupción de la lactancia materna exclusiva en los barrios Santa Cruz y Propicia I en Esmeraldas, Ecuador”. Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey 4 (2018): 10.
    22. Flórez M., et al. “Factores asociados a la lactancia materna en mujeres de un municipio colombiano”. Rev Mee. Ris.1 (2018): 29-33.
Citation: Carmen Elena Díaz Montes., et al. “Social and Family Factors Associated with the Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Children Born a Second-Level Institution of the City of Cartagena”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 90-97.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


July Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the July issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 09, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk