Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 2 - 2021
Article: Obstetric Violence: Women’s Perception of Assistance
Giseli Mendes Rennó1, Ana Paula Alonso Reis Mairink2* and Clícia Valim Côrtes Gradim3
1Professora, Faculdade Wenceslau Braz, Itajubá-MG, Brasil
2Professora, Ifsuldeminas, Campus Muzambinho-MG, Brasil
3Professora, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Brasil
*Corresponding Author: Ana Paula Alonso Reis Mairink, Professora, Ifsuldeminas, Campus Muzambinho-MG, Brasil.
Received: October 20, 2020; Published: January 30, 2021


The birth of a child should be a time of happiness and joy, but often during labor and delivery the woman may experience violence. This study aimed to find out the occurrence of violence in the assistance to labor and delivery experienced by women. Qualitative, descriptive, exploratory and cross-sectional study, developed with 25 women who had their children in hospital services and who used Bardin's content analysis proposal to discuss the data and as a theoretical reference public policies for childbirth care. The categories identified were: Interventionist actions and Women's perception of violence in labor and delivery. The interviewees reported the use of practices considered inadequate and harmful in obstetric practice, but most of them stated that they were not victims of violence and assessed the assistance as adequate. The reported violence was physical, psychological, sexual and institutional and was practiced by health professionals. Violence was linked to infrastructure and power relations, which put women in a situation of inequality and vulnerability in the face of those who should be caregivers.

Keywords: Violence Against Women; Humanized Birth; Maternities; Humanization Of Assistance


    1. Oliveira e Silva LM. “Obstetric violence in cesarean section the need for humanization of birth”. Cad Gen Divers (2019): 89-102.
    2. WHO recommendations: intrapartum care for a positive childbirth experience. Geneva: World Health Organization (2018).
    3. Tesser CD., et al. “Obstetric violence and quaternary prevention: what it is and what to do”. Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade (2015): 1-12.
    4. Lansky S., et al. “Obstetric violence: influence of the Sentidos do Nascer exhibition on the experience of pregnant women”. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva (2019): 2811-23.
    5. Sens MM., et al. “Physicians’ perception of the dimensions of obstetric and/or institutional violence”. Interface (2019): e170915.
    6. Diniz SG., et al. “Disrespect and abuse in childbirth in Brazil: social activism, public policies and providers’ training”. Repr Heal Matt (2018): 19-35.
    7. Teixeirense MMS., et al. “From expectation to experience: humanization of childbirth in the Unified Health System”. Interface: Comunicacao, Saude, Educacao (2018): 399-410.
    8. Bardin L. “Content analysis”. São Paulo: Editions 70 (2016).
    9. Brazil Ministry of Health. “National Health Council. Resolution no. 466, of December 12, 2012. Provides for guidelines and regulatory standards for research involving human beings”. DOU 12.1 (2013): 59.
    10. Reis CSC., et al. “Analysis of births attended by nurse midwives under the perspective of humanization of childbirth”. Rev Fund Care Online (2016): 4972-4979.
    11. Oliveira TR., et al. “Women's perception on obstetric violence”. Journal of Nursing Education UFPE online (2017): 40-46.
    12. Nascimento LC., et al. “Report of puerperas about obstetric violence in public services”. Journal of Nursing UFPE on line (2017): 2014-2024.
    13. Zanardo GLP., et al. “Obstetric violence in Brazil: a narrative review”. Psychology and Society (2017): e155043.
    14. Nascimento SL., et al. “Knowledge and experiences of obstetric violence in women who have lived the experience of childbirth”. Current Nursing of Costa Rica (2019): 66-79.
    15. Tobar EJ., et al. “Obstetric violence: making the invisible visible”. Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander (2019): 135-146.
    16. Gradim CV., et al. “Violence in childbirth: integrative review”. Revista de Enfermeria UFPE online (2017): 1299-1308.
    17. Oliveira PA., et al. “Assessment of adherence to the Childbirth Safety Checklist at a public maternity hospital in Northeastern Brazil”. Cad Public Health (2017): e00034516.
Citation: Ana Paula Alonso Reis Mairink., et al. “Article: Obstetric Violence: Women’s Perception of Assistance”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.2 (2021): 30-38.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

April Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the April issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before May 04, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to