Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 3 - 2021
Breastfeeding and Weight Gain in Hospitalized Premature Newborns
Adriana Amorim Alcântara1, Ivanete Fernandes do Prado2*, Darkman Kaleu da Silva Teixeira3 and Darlyane Antunes de Macedo4
1Specialist Nurse in Neonatal ICU and Pediatrics at FAVEN College, Brazil
2Nurse, PhD in Physical Education, Master in Intensive Care from the Brazilian Institute of Intensive Care, Professor of the Bachelor of Nursing course at the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Campus XII Guanambi, Bahia, Brazil
3Nurse from the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Brazil
4Master in Public Health: Health Policies and Management - UNICAMP, Professor of the Bachelor of Nursing course at the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Campus XII Guanambi, Bahia, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Ivanete Fernandes do Prado, Nurse, PhD in Physical Education, Master in Intensive Care from the Brazilian Institute of Intensive Care, Professor of the Bachelor of Nursing course at the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Campus XII Guanambi, Bahia, Brazil.
Received: October 30, 2020; Published: February 27, 2021


Objective: To analyze in the scientific literature the weight gain of hospitalized premature newborns, in exclusive breastfeeding.

Methods: This is an integrative literature review, carried out in the Virtual Health Library database, with the following descriptors: breastfeeding, weight gain, premature newborn.

Results: The results show that human milk is known as the ideal and unique food for any newborn up to six months of age due to its balanced nutritional composition and immunization properties. The mother’s own breast milk should be used in the preterm’s feeding, due to improved growth/development and better physiological adaptation to meet nutritional needs. The premature mother’s milk has a higher concentration of calcium, sodium, proteins, electrolytes, minerals, calories and various anti-infective properties.

Conclusion: The results found show that premature newborns on exclusive breastfeeding show better weight gain compared to those who use other milks.

Keywords: Breastfeeding; Weight Gain; Premature Newborns; Nursing Care; Neonatal ICU


  1. Silva RKC., et al. “Weight gain in preterm infants related to milk type”. Revista Eletrônica de Enfermagem 3 (2014): 535-541.
  2. World Health Organization. Guidelines on optimal feeding of low birth-weight infants in low- and middle-income countries (2011).
  3. Birth MBR and Issler H. “Breastfeeding in preterm infants: hospital clinical management”. The Journal of Pediatrics 5 (2004): 163-172.
  4. Marcuartú, AC and Malveira SS. “Profile of very low birth weight premature newborns hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit”. The Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Health 1 (2017): 5-10.
  5. Barbosa Filho JV., et al. “Effects of the use of human milk fortifying in preterm newborns of very low weight”. Science, Care and Health3 (2016): 429-435.
  6. Sassá AH., et al. “Preterm infants: breastfeeding and weight evolution”. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia 4 (2014): 594-600.
  7. Cruz MR and Sebastian LT. “Breastfeeding in preterm infants: knowledge, feelings and experiences of mothers”. Comun Disorders1 (2015): 76-84.
  8. Filho JVB., et al. “Effects of the use of human milk fortifying in preterm newborns of very low weight”. Cienc Cuid Saude3 (2016): 429-435.
  9. Augusto EO., et al. “Growth of preterm infants with very low weight hospitalized in neonatal icu in the state of Pará”. Revista Paraense de Medicina2 (2014): 63.
  10. Breigeiron MK., et al. “Association between nutritional status, exclusive breastfeeding and hospital stay of children”. Revista Gaucho de Enfermagem3 (2015): 47-54.
  11. Tamez RN and Silva MJP. “Nursing in the neonatal ICU: care for high-risk newborns”. 3rd Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan (2006).
Citation: Ivanete Fernandes do Prado., et al. “Association between Socioeconomic Factors and Anthropometric Indicators in Individuals with Arterial Hypertension”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 33-39.

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