Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 3 - 2021
Breastfeeding and Weight Gain in Hospitalized Premature Newborns
Adriana Amorim Alcântara1, Ivanete Fernandes do Prado2*, Darkman Kaleu da Silva Teixeira3 and Darlyane Antunes de Macedo4
1Specialist Nurse in Neonatal ICU and Pediatrics at FAVEN College, Brazil
2Nurse, PhD in Physical Education, Master in Intensive Care from the Brazilian Institute of Intensive Care, Professor of the Bachelor of Nursing course at the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Campus XII Guanambi, Bahia, Brazil
3Nurse from the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Brazil
4Master in Public Health: Health Policies and Management - UNICAMP, Professor of the Bachelor of Nursing course at the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Campus XII Guanambi, Bahia, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Ivanete Fernandes do Prado, Nurse, PhD in Physical Education, Master in Intensive Care from the Brazilian Institute of Intensive Care, Professor of the Bachelor of Nursing course at the State University of Bahia, UNEB, Campus XII Guanambi, Bahia, Brazil.
Received: October 30, 2020; Published: February 27, 2021




Abstract

Objective: To analyze in the scientific literature the weight gain of hospitalized premature newborns, in exclusive breastfeeding.

Methods: This is an integrative literature review, carried out in the Virtual Health Library database, with the following descriptors: breastfeeding, weight gain, premature newborn.

Results: The results show that human milk is known as the ideal and unique food for any newborn up to six months of age due to its balanced nutritional composition and immunization properties. The mother’s own breast milk should be used in the preterm’s feeding, due to improved growth/development and better physiological adaptation to meet nutritional needs. The premature mother’s milk has a higher concentration of calcium, sodium, proteins, electrolytes, minerals, calories and various anti-infective properties.

Conclusion: The results found show that premature newborns on exclusive breastfeeding show better weight gain compared to those who use other milks.

Keywords: Breastfeeding; Weight Gain; Premature Newborns; Nursing Care; Neonatal ICU

References

  1. Silva RKC., et al. “Weight gain in preterm infants related to milk type”. Revista Eletrônica de Enfermagem 3 (2014): 535-541.
  2. World Health Organization. Guidelines on optimal feeding of low birth-weight infants in low- and middle-income countries (2011).
  3. Birth MBR and Issler H. “Breastfeeding in preterm infants: hospital clinical management”. The Journal of Pediatrics 5 (2004): 163-172.
  4. Marcuartú, AC and Malveira SS. “Profile of very low birth weight premature newborns hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit”. The Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Health 1 (2017): 5-10.
  5. Barbosa Filho JV., et al. “Effects of the use of human milk fortifying in preterm newborns of very low weight”. Science, Care and Health3 (2016): 429-435.
  6. Sassá AH., et al. “Preterm infants: breastfeeding and weight evolution”. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia 4 (2014): 594-600.
  7. Cruz MR and Sebastian LT. “Breastfeeding in preterm infants: knowledge, feelings and experiences of mothers”. Comun Disorders1 (2015): 76-84.
  8. Filho JVB., et al. “Effects of the use of human milk fortifying in preterm newborns of very low weight”. Cienc Cuid Saude3 (2016): 429-435.
  9. Augusto EO., et al. “Growth of preterm infants with very low weight hospitalized in neonatal icu in the state of Pará”. Revista Paraense de Medicina2 (2014): 63.
  10. Breigeiron MK., et al. “Association between nutritional status, exclusive breastfeeding and hospital stay of children”. Revista Gaucho de Enfermagem3 (2015): 47-54.
  11. Tamez RN and Silva MJP. “Nursing in the neonatal ICU: care for high-risk newborns”. 3rd Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan (2006).
Citation: Ivanete Fernandes do Prado., et al. “Association between Socioeconomic Factors and Anthropometric Indicators in Individuals with Arterial Hypertension”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.3 (2021): 33-39.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


April Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the April issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before April 26, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk