Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 11 - 2020
Physical Activity Improves Sleep Quality in Nursing Homes Elderly
Mehdi Kushkestani1, Mohsen Parvani1, Atiyeh Abbasi2 and Mahsa Moghadassi3*
1M.Sc. Student of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
2Bachelor Student of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
3M.Sc Student of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mahsa Moghadassi, M.Sc Student of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran.
Received: September 08, 2020; Published: October 15, 2020




Abstract

Background: Sleep disorders is one of the most important problem in older adults.

Objective of the Study: Physical activity improves sleep quality in nursing homes elderly.

Methods: The subjects of this study were 119 elderly people over the age of 65 living in nursing homes in Tehran. The demographic characteristics of the subjects were collected and recorded. Then, body composition, blood pressure and anthropometric indices including weight, body mass index [BMI], height and calf circumferences [CC], waist circumferences [WC] and hip circumferences were measured using a digital scale of OMRON, OMRON M2 blood pressure monitor and meter tape. Physical activity and sleep quality were measured by Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) respectively.

Results: The results of Pearson correlation showed that there was a significant inverse relationship between ages with sleep quality (p < 0.003) and its subunits (Subjective (p < 0.017), Latency (p < 0,000), Disturbance (p < 0.020), Dysfunction (p < 0.026)). But there was a direct and significant relationship between physical activity levels with sleep quality (p < 0.003) and its subunits (Subjective (p < 0.000), Latency (p < 0.000), Disturbance (p < 0.000)). Besides, there was a positive and significant relationship between diastolic blood pressure and sleep subjective (p < 0.024). Non-pharmacological and cost-effective solution.

Conclusion: According to the findings of this study physical activity can use as a non-pharmacological and cost-effective solution to improve sleep quality and prevent its complications in elderlies.

Keywords: Sleep Quality; Sedentary; Older Adults; Life Style; Physical Activity

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Citation: Mehdi Kushkestani., et al. “Physical Activity Improves Sleep Quality in Nursing Homes Elderly". EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.11 (2020): 58-66.

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