Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 10 - 2020
Awareness of Safe Water, Proper Sanitation, Hygiene Practices and Prevalence of Water Borne Diseases among People of Different Slum Areas of Chattogram City, Bangladesh
Mohammed Jahedul Islam1*, Abdullah Al-Mamun2 and Farida Siddika2
1Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, University of Creative Technology Chittagong (UCTC), Bangladesh
2Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Jahedul Islam, Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, University of Creative Technology Chittagong (UCTC), Bangladesh.
Received: August 28, 2020; Published: October 09, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: Mass people are the manpower of a nation. They always help the nation to upgrade continuously. Henceforth, it is a vital duty for the nation to aware of heir basic facilities, health status including their knowledge of diseases, especially low-middle income families.

Objectives: To find out the percentage of knowledge on safe water, proper sanitation, hygiene practices, and water-borne iseases in some selected slum areas in Chattogram city.

Method: Data was randomly collected from different slum areas of Chattogram City Corporation. The majority f the respondents were female in this study. The data were collected, compiled, analyzed, and prepared. In this study, 720 adult people were enrolled.

Results: The majority of the respondents had completed primary school. Most of them knew about safe water and the proper use of water. About 90% of people knew that diarrhea is waterborne disease and 64.6% knew that typhoid is waterborne. Disinfection of water was also popular in this area. They knew different types of disinfection methods. They were also aware of hygienic latrines but most of them didn’t have ownership of latrine. More than half of the respondents wash their hands with soap before and after taking a meal and also after defecation. Knowledge of ORS preparation also satisfactory among the people of these slum areas. Most of the people are not affected by water-borne diseases (WBD). It is also true that some people still are suffering from WBD. They have either enough knowledge or not. They are being affected because of lacking enough places of hygiene practices. We observed that most of the people have no own latrine. And they have some limitations.

Conclusion: Most of the people of slum areas were educated where they had completed their studies from different schools and colleges. They were, most of them, aware of hygiene, sanitation, water safety and had knowledge of water-borne diseases.

Keywords: Hygiene; Sanitation; Safe Water; Waterborne Diseases; Slum Area; Education; Handwashing

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Citation: Mohammed Jahedul Islam., et al. “Awareness of Safe Water, Proper Sanitation, Hygiene Practices and Prevalence of Water Borne Diseases among People of Different Slum Areas of Chattogram City, Bangladesh”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.11 (2020): 21-36.

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