Perspective
Volume 2 Issue 12 - 2020
A Situation of Occupational Injuries in Small Scale Industries in Ethiopia
Hailemichael Mulugeta*
Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Hailemichael Mulugeta, Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia.
Received: August 17, 2020; Published: November 28, 2020




Occupational injuries present a major public health problem resulting in serious social and economic consequences. The impact is 10 to 20 times higher in developing counties, where the greatest concentration of the world’s workforce is located [1]. Accidents and occupational injuries from Small scale industries are not properly recorded or reported nationally in Ethiopia [2]. The studies in Small scale industries reported a one year occupational injuries rates is ranging from 147 to 808 in Ethiopia among 1000 workers [3-8].

Scientific studies from Ethiopia have tried to identify factors associated with occupational injuries in different industries. Job categories [6], un guarded machines [6], inadequate work space [6,8], workers age [9], health and safety training [9,10], work experience [5,11], working hours per week [7,10,12], use of personal protective equipment [5,7,10-12], Khat chewing behavior [6,11,13], job stress [6,9,10] and low job satisfaction [6,12] are factors associated with occupational injury.

References

  1. International Labour Organizations(ILO). Estimating the Economic Costs of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in Developing Countries: Essential Information for Decision-Makers. Safety And Health at Work and the Environment (Safe Work). Geneva, Switzerland (2012).
  2. Federal Ministry of Ethiopia Labor and social Affairs (MOLSA). 2013/14-2014/15 National report on ocopational acident Unpublished (2015).
  3. Asrat M., et al. “Work Related Injuries and Associated Factors among Small Scale Industry Workers of Mizan-Aman Town, Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia”. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 3 (2017): 208-215.
  4. Tanga A and Tessema Jilo. “Prevalence of Occupational Injuries and Associated Factors among SmallScale Industries Workers in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia”. International Journal of Public Health and Safety 2 (2018).
  5. Abera B., et al. “Magnitude of Occupational Injuries and Associated Factors among Small-Scale Industry Workers in Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia”. Occupational Medicine and Health Affairs3 (2015).
  6. Hailemichael M., et al. “Nonfatal Occupational Injuries among Workers in Microscale and Small-Scale Woodworking Enterprise in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health (2020).
  7. Getnet A., et al. “Prevalence and determinants of work related injuries among small and medium scale industry workers in Bahir Dar Town, north west Ethiopia”. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2015).
  8. Nagasa D., et al. “Occupational Injury and Its Correlated Factors among Small-Scale Industry Workers in Towns of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health (2019).
  9. Zewdie A., et al. “Determinants of Occupational Injury: A Case Control Study among Textile FactoryWorkers in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia”. Journal of Tropical Medicine (2011).
  10. Gebrekiros G., et al. “Assesment of the prevalence and associted factos of occupational injury among workers in Arba minch Textile factory”. Occupational Medicine and Health Afairs6 (2015).
  11. Tadese S and Israel D. “Occupational injuries among building construction workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia”. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology16 (2016).
  12. Takele T and Abera K. “Prevalence and factors affecting work-related injury among workers engaged in Small and Medium-Scale Industries inGondar wereda, north Gondar zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia”. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences 1 (2007): 28-34.
  13. Mesfin B., et al. “The magnitude of khat use and its association with health, nutrition and socio-economic status”. Ethiopian Medical Journal1 (2000): 11-26.
  14. Federal Minstry of Micro-and small-scale Enterprise Development Agency (MSEDA). Industrial development Strategy. Adisss Ababa Ethiopia (2002).
  15. Global Development Solutions L. Light Manufacturing in Africa: Focused Policies to Enhance Private Investment and Create Millions of Productive Jobs (2011).
  16. Ministry of Ethiopia labour and Social Affairs (MOLSA). Occupational Safety and Health profile for Ethiopia. Addis Ababa (2006).
  17. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Labour Proclamation Federal Negarit Gazeta 1993, Labour Proclamation (2003).
  18. Jeff W and Keith G. “Assessment of Ethiopia's Labor Inspection System In: Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) USDoLU, USA: Federal Publications (2013).
  19. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Negarit gazeta, Labor Proclamation (2003): 377.
  20. Abera K., et al. “Occupational Health and Safety in Ethiopia: A review of Situational Analysis and Needs Assessment”. Ethiopian Journal Health Development 30 (2016): 17-27.
Citation: Hailemichael Mulugeta. “A Situation of Occupational Injuries in Small Scale Industries in Ethiopia”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.12 (2020): 14-15.

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