Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 10 - 2020
Comparative Evaluation of Intestinal Parasitic Burden among Some Pupils in Public and Private School in Nkpolu-Oroworukwo Community, Port Harcourt, Rivers State
Ama-Okachi, Byron Chidi, Wokem Gloria Ngozika and Azuonwu Obioma*
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Sciences, Rivers State University, Nkpolu- Oroworukwo Port Harcourt, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Azuonwu Obioma, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Sciences, Rivers State University, Nkpolu- Oroworukwo Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Received: August 02, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020




Abstract

Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are among the neglected tropical diseases highly prevalent in developing countries, probably due to the low level of enlightenment, personal hygiene, low standard of living and overall economic status of the subjects. Thus, the aim of the study was to study the prevalence of intestinal parasites among pupils of selected public and private primary schools in Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, and Rivers State. A total of 112 Samples were collected at random using convenient sample collection research design. The analysis of the samples was explored using standard parasitological procedures. Results from the study revealed that Ascaris lumbricoides recorded the highest prevalence (33.3%) while Hookworm, Strongyloides stercoralis and Entamoeba sp. had 11.1% of the positive cases each. Furthermore, Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Hookworm and Strongyloides stercoralis were all implicated in mixed infections that stood at 33.3% positive cases. IPIs were more prevalent in the public school (22.2%) than in the private school (10.3%); however, the difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Pupils within the age group of 10 and 13 years recorded a higher prevalence of infection (25%) than pupils within the age group of 6 and 9 years (7.1%). There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of IPIs between the male and the female pupils (p > 0.05). Nonetheless, there were more pupils with unemployed parents in the public school (77.8%) than in the private school (46.6%). However, pupils with unemployed parents in the overall population had more infections (21.2%) than those with employed parents (4.7%). Lack of frequent worming was also a problem as a large percentage of the pupils had not wormed for over 3 months before sample collection, and a reasonably high percentage of them had IPIs (17.9%). Besides, 16.1% of the entire population was infected. It is therefore strongly recommended that frequent worming of school children, health education campaigns, improved sanitary conditions and personal hygiene would help to control and reduce the incidence of IPIs in the study area.

Keywords: Neglected Tropical Disease; Intestinal Parasites; Infants; Anaemia; Stunted Growth; School Pupils

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Citation: Azuonwu Obioma., et al. “Comparative Evaluation of Intestinal Parasitic Burden among Some Pupils in Public and Private School in Nkpolu-Oroworukwo Community, Port Harcourt, Rivers State”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.10 (2020): 92-102.

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