Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 9 - 2020
Development of an Appropriate Quality of Life Instrument for Cancer Patients in South Africa
Jacoba Johanna Maria Jansen van Rensburg1*, Daleen Casteleijn2 and Johanna E Maree3
1Department of Nursing Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
2Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
3Professor, Department of Nursing Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
*Corresponding Author: Jacoba Johanna Maria Jansen van Rensburg, Department of Nursing Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Received: July 04, 2020; Published: August 11, 2020




Abstract

Objectives: Quality of life assessment is a valuable tool in cancer care as it allows us to understand how cancer and healthcare interventions influence the lives of the patients. An appropriate QoL assessment instrument would enable healthcare practitioners to identify and manage problems, which have a negative influence on QoL of cancer patients, timeously. The objective of the study was to develop and validate a patient informed QoL assessment instrument for our patient population.

Methods: A quantitative design was used. A Quality of Life questionnaire was developed by using the themes and categories identified during interviews with cancer patients and subjected to psychometric analysis using the Rasch Measurement Model.

Results: After validation of the questionnaire, by means of the Rasch model, it was found that the questionnaire conformed to Rasch model expectations. The developed instrument comprised relevant domains of QoL for South African cancer patients who access public healthcare for treatment, as identified during interviews with patients. It is proposed that the instrument be further validated for other populations in South Africa.

Significance of the Results: An appropriate QoL assessment instrument can be used for the assessment of QoL of cancer patients in order to identify and address problems timeously. The instrument needs to be culturally sensitive and include the domains of QoL which are relevant to the patient population. The QoL assessment instrument developed in this study is appropriate for cancer patients in South Africa who access public health service for treatment.

Keywords: Quality of Life (QoL); Domains of QoL; QoL Assessment; Rasch Measurement Model (RMM)

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Citation: Jacoba Johanna Maria Jansen van Rensburg., et al. “Development of an Appropriate Quality of Life Instrument for Cancer Patients in South Africa”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.9(2020): 01-13.

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