Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 8 - 2020
Determinants of Maternal Mortality in Yewa North Local Government Area of Ogun State Nigeria
Adeyemo Florence1*, Enuku Christie2, Okpala Pat U3 and Adeboye Deborah Olubusayo1
1Department of Community/Public Health, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Nigeria
2Department of Nursing Sciences, School of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
3Department of Nursing Sciences, Evangel University, Akaeze, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Adeyemo Florence, Department of Community/Public Health, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Nigeria.
Received: January 13, 2020; Published: July 08, 2020




Abstract

An estimated global total of 10.7 million women have died in the 25 years between 1990 - 2015 due to maternal causes. However, the world has made steady progress in reducing maternal mortality. The global MMR has fallen by 44% from the 1990 to 21.6% in 2015. Worldwide, MMR has declined by an average of 3.0% per year between 2000 and 2015, which is more than doubling the estimated average annual decline and it is expected that the reduction will be applicable to Nigeria. This study assessed the determinants of maternal mortality in Yewa North Local Government area of Ogun State Nigeria. A descriptive research design was adopted for this study. The target populations are Pregnant women and Nursing mothers attending General Hospital, Ayetoro, Yewa North Local Government Area of Ogun State. Total population of 100 respondents were used. The instrument used for this study is self -developed semi-structured questionnaire with a coefficient reliability score of 0.78. Data was analysed using statistical computations expressed in form of tables, percentages and correlation. Result of this study revealed that majority of the respondents were between 21 to 25 years old (40.6%) and 31 to 35 years old (21.9%). Further findings showed majority of respondents are married, Muslims with few Christians and had primary education. Findings also revealed that delay in accessing healthcare services, poor coverage of health facilities with maternity beds and skilled attendants, poor knowledge, poverty of a pregnant woman, low public investment in health sector and availability of drugs in health sector are determinants of maternal mortality among pregnant women in Yewa north Local Government of Ogun state It is therefore recommended that Government should provide good road, easy means of transportation and qualified staff in order to reduce maternal death in Yewa North. Treatments should be done before prescriptions. The referral system should be improved upon and health services providers should be enlightened on having respect for people. More Skilled health attendant should be employed especially for night duties. Community Health Extension Workers should be employed skilled personnel should be employed to handle complicated deliveries. Health facilities should be subsidized.

Keywords: Pregnant Women; Determinants of Mortality; Health Facility

References

  1. World Health Organisation (WHO). Maternal mortality in: estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFA, and the World Bank. Geneva, WHO (2009).
  2. Bloom SS., et al. “Dimensions of women's autonomy and the influence on maternal health care utilization in a north Indian city”. Demography 38 (2011): 67-78.
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Citation: Adeyemo Florence., et al. “Determinants of Maternal Mortality in Yewa North Local Government Area of Ogun State Nigeria”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 2.8(2020): 16-28.

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