Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 2 - 2020
HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Females with Opioid Dependence: Clinical and Psychosocial Characteristics
Igumnov SA1*, Stan’ko EP2 and Sobolev NA1
1National Research Center for Addiction Problems, Moscow, Russia
2Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Republic of Belarus
*Corresponding Author: Igumnov SA, National Research Center for Addiction Problems, Moscow, Russia.
Received: December 26, 2019; Published: January 30, 2020




Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to explore clinical, psychological and social characteristics of female injectable opioid users (FIOUs) with different HIV status.

Materials and Methods: A total of 217 FIOUs were examined (104 HIV-positive and 113 HIV-negative patients. To assess patient social functioning, quality of life, and craving for narcotic substances the Scale of social functioning, SF-36 and Scale of drugs craving were used. 

Results: The majority of patients had frequent change of employment place and reported absence from work (25.9% in HIV-positive group and 26.5% in HIV-negative group; P > 0.05). HIV-positive patients reported low professional qualification and education level significantly more often than HIV-negative patients (20.1% vs 13.2%, p < 0.05 and 43.3% vs. 36.2%, p < 0.05, respectively). They also characterized family climate as “hostile” more often (80.7% vs. 61.0%, p < 0.05). Both groups reported high rates of parental alcohol abuse (17.3% in HIV-positive and 14.1% in HIV-negative individuals, p > 0.05) and of parental divorces (23.1% and 28.3%, p > 0.05, respectively).

Conclusion: Female injectable opioid users have marked social disfunction involving social and professional domains. Specific needs of this group of mental healthcare users need to be addressed. 

Keywords: Gender; Quality of Life; Social Functioning; Opioid; HIV

References

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  2. Office of the United Nations Office on drugs and crime, world drug report 2016 (2017).
  3. Simoni-Wastila L., et al. “Gender and other factors associated with the nonmedical use of abusable prescription drugs”. Substance Use and Misuse 39.1 (2004): 1-23.
  4. 2007 ESPAD Report: Substance Use Among Students in 35 European Countries (Stockholm, Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs) (2009).
  5. Report of the International narcotics control Board in 2016. United Nations: international narcotics control Board, new York (2017).
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  8. K Hail-Jares., et al. “Occupational and demographic factors associated with drug use among female sex workers at the China Myanmar border”. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 161 (2016).
  9. K Dolan., et al. “People who inject drugs in prison: HIV prevalence, transmission and prevention”. International Journal of Drug Policy 26.1 (2015): S12-S15.
  10. SS Martins., et al. “Worldwide prevalence and trends in unintentional drug overdose: a systematic review of the literature”. American Journal of Public Health 105.11 (2015): 29-49.
Citation: Igumnov SA., et al. “HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Females with Opioid Dependence: Clinical and Psychosocial Characteristics”. EC Nursing & Healthcare 2.2 (2020): 01-08.

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