Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 1 - 2020
The Prevalence of Migraine and its Impact on the Educational Achievement of Medical Students at King Saud University - Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Sara Rayed Saleh Alsaleh1*, Majed Muid Owidh Albogami2, Ashwag Saud Alharthi3, Mousa Mohammed Akkour4, Sahar abdrab alameer alshakhis5, Nouf Jafar Alzahrani3, Yasser Abdullah Alhudaithi6, Turki Faissa Bugshan7 Faisal Amjad Abdulaziz8 and Ali Ibrahim H Sabei9
1Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2Princess Basma Teaching Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
3Taif university, Taif, Saudi Arabia
4Dar Aluloom university, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5Abqaiq general hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
6Qassim university, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
7Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
8MIQAT general hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
9Primary health center, Sabya, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author:Sara Rayed Saleh Alsaleh, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 20, 2019; Published: December 31, 2019


Background: Migraine is episodic brain disorder characterized by attacks of a pulsating headache that varies in intensity from moderate to severe, lasting from mere hours to 2 - 3 days, usually one-sided and aggravated by physical activity. In the previous studies, the most common migraine triggers were lack of sleep and fatigue.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the prevalence of migraine and its impact on educational achievement of medical students at King Saud University in Riyadh district, Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among medical students in Riyadh district during educational year 2018 - 2019. Data was collected by using pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. A two stages random sampling method was used for the selection of participants.

Results: A total of 396 medical students participated in this study. According to international headache society's criteria of diagnosing migraine, we found that the prevalence of migraine among our sample of medical students is 18%. This percentage is similar to other prevalence rates around the world ranging from 11% to 40%. Migraine was more prevalent among females (59.8%) compared to males (40.2%) and the most affected age group was more than 21 years. The most common trigger factors of migraine reported by students were irregular sleep, (worry anger and exams) and exposure to sunlight (90%, 79% and 74% respectively). Migraine was more prevalent among first-level and fourth-level students (31.9% and 25% respectively) compared to other levels. The study also found that the majority of students with migraine had college absence due to migraine and most of them reported a decrease in concentration during the migraine attack which affect their educational achievement (68%).

Conclusion: Migraine prevalence among medical students was among the prevalence rates of the world. Migraine more prevalent among females. It more frequent and severe among students in the first level compared to other levels. which can affect their educational achievement.

Keywords: Migraine; Prevalence; Medical Students; Riyadh


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Citation: Sara Rayed Saleh Alsaleh., et al. “The Prevalence of Migraine and its Impact on the Educational Achievement of Medical Students at King Saud University - Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. EC Neurology 12.1 (2020): 01-10.

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