Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 2 - 2020
The Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders among Primary School Students in Riyadh District, Saudi Arabia
Alahmari Abdulkhaliq Yahya M1*, Hakemah Abdulmajeed Alkhamees2, Almutawakkil Ziyad Zaid3, Ziyad Abdullah Albuhayri4, Ahmed Hassan Abdullah Almaghrabi5, Alzaydi Abdullah Faisal A6, Eid Ayed Albaqami7, Alrayis Mohammed Abdulrhman M6, Mohammed Ahmad Alghamdi8 and Redha Abdulhadi A Alshareef9
1General Practitioner, Pediatric Emergency, KMMCH, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2King Faisal University, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia
3King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4Al Midhnab General Hospital, Pediatric Department, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
5Maastricht University, Netherlands and Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
7King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
8King Abdullah Medical Complex, jeddah, Saudi Arabia
9Umm Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Alahmari Abdulkhaliq Yahya M, General Practitioner, Pediatric Emergency, KMMCH, Abha, Saudi Arabia.
Received: January 06, 2020; Published: January 17, 2020




Abstract

Background: Anxiety is a state of fear or subjective feeling of apprehension dread, or foreboding. A lot of risk factors aggravate anxiety disorders including age, depressed parents, parental loss, childhood adversities, economic factors, physical abuse and drug abuse. The anxiety disorders include Panic disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive disorder, Social Phobia, Specific Phobia, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and anxiety disorder due to a general medical condition. The prognosis varies on the severity of each case and utilization of treatment for each individual, If these children are left untreated, they face risks such as poor results at school, avoidance of important social activities, and substance abuse. 

Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of anxiety disorders among primary school students in Riyadh district, Saudi Arabia 2019. 

Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among 280 students during April 2019. A multistage random sampling method was used and data was collected by SCARED score and self-administered questionnaires. 

Results: We found that 178 of the students met the criteria of anxiety by using screen of child anxiety disorder (SCARD); giving prevalence of 63.6%. The most frequent type which detected by SCARD score were panic disorder and separation anxiety disorder with same percentage (92.7%), The least common one is school avoidance (35.4%). Whereas 9% of all anxious participants had all types of anxiety. The result show there was statistical significant between anxiety and main risk factors show that the males participants had (76.2%) higher anxiety than females (56%). The participants who lost parents (92.2%) had suspected anxiety more comparing to who had living parents (62.2%). More than two third of child who expose to physical abuse, get afraid from wars and disasters and who said that their concentration had been decreased in classes when they feel anxious and uncomfortable had anxiety (70.7%, 68.1% and 71.2%) respectively. 

Conclusion: In our study we found that the anxiety disorders among children in our district had present with high percentage which more than half of our participants had at least one type of anxiety where panic attack and separation anxiety located in the top of the list. And the anxiety percentage affected by sex where more increased in males, loss one or both parents, exposure to physical abuse and seen the wars views and natural disasters. Also the anxious student had poor concentration on their classes. Through our study, we reached a number of points that may help solve this problem making cycling screening at the school level for early detection of cases of anxiety in children. Early Careful treatment of the affected children should be given and private sessions should be done with child psychiatric specialists. Activate roles of social specialist in governmental schools. Avoid the use of beatings as a means of education.

Keywords: Anxiety Disorders; Primary School Students; Saudi Arabia

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Citation: Alahmari Abdulkhaliq Yahya M., et al. “The Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders among Primary School Students in Riyadh District, Saudi Arabia”. EC Neurology 12.2 (2020): 01-08.

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