Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 1 - 2020
Public Knowledge and Awareness about Parkinson’s Disease in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia
Hassan M Al-Dakhlan1*, Faisal H Al-Dera1, Ahmed N Al Saleh1, Abdullah M AlKhalifa1, Hussain A AL Abdullah1 and Inam Khuda2
1College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author:Hassan M Al-Dakhlan, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Received: October 24, 2019; Published: December 27, 2019


Objective: The goal of our study was to assess the level of knowledge and awareness of PD among the residents of Eastern Province in Saudi Arabia. We also examined the effect of healthcare profession, acquaintanceship (with a PD patient) and educational level upon the knowledge of PD.

Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study, performed in the period between September 2018 and April 2019 by distributing the Knowledge of Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire (KPDQ) among the general population as well as the health care providers employed at King Fahad Hospital in the University and family center at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire contained demographic details about the subjects and evaluated symptom recognition capacity and general knowledge pertaining to PD.

Results: The questionnaire was administered to 1,133 members of the public, out of which 999 responses were included in the analysis. Tremor was the most commonly recognized symptom (86.8% in healthcare providers, 80.2% in the general population); motor symptoms were better recognized than non-motor symptoms among all the groups. A few common misperceptions were also discovered among the different cohorts.

Conclusion: We discovered significant knowledge gaps with regards to PD in the population of Eastern Province with different educational levels as well as among healthcare professionals. We therefore recommend the implementation of actions at the community level alongside enhancing the awareness of PD among healthcare professionals.

Keywords: Parkinson's Disease; Health-Care Providers; Acquainted; Unacquainted


  1. Tan Ai Huey., et al. “Knowledge of Parkinson’s disease in a multiethnic urban Asian setting”. Journal of Parkinson's Disease 5.4 (2015): 865-879. 
  2. Alamri Yassar., et al. “Parkinson's disease in the Gulf countries: an updated review”. European Neurology 74.3-4 (2015): 222-225. 
  3. Pringsheim Tamara., et al. “The prevalence of Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta‐analysis”. Movement Disorders 29.13 (2014): 1583-1590. 
  4. Löhle Matthias., et al. “Early versus delayed initiation of pharmacotherapy in Parkinson’s disease”. Drugs 74.6 (2014): 645-657. 
  5. Pan Sarah., et al. “Knowledge and attitudes about Parkinson’s disease among a diverse group of older adults”. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 29.3 (2014): 339-352. 
  6. Jitkritsadakul Onanong., et al. "Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of Parkinson's disease: A cross-sectional survey of Asian patients”. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 374 (2017): 69-74. 
  7. Chaudhuri K Ray., et al. “Parkinson’s disease: the non-motor issues”. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders 17.10 (2011): 717-723. 
  8. Hallett Mark. "Parkinson's disease tremor: pathophysiology”. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders 18 (2012): S85-S86. 
  9. Youn Jinyoung., et al. “Public awareness and knowledge about Parkinson's disease: A national population based survey in South Korea”. Neuroepidemiology 47.2 (2016): 117-123. 
  10. Kaddumukasa Mark., et al. “Knowledge and attitudes of Parkinson’s disease in rural and urban Mukono District, Uganda: a cross-sectional, community-based study”. Parkinson’s Disease (2015): 196150. 
  11. Alyamani Alwaleed M., et al. “Public knowledge and awareness about Parkinson's disease in Saudi Arabia”. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 7.6 (2018): 1216. 
  12. Gultekin Murat., et al. “The Level of Knowledge of Parkinson’s Disease among Nonprofessional Caregivers in a Movement Disorders Center in Turkey”. Parkinson’s Disease (2017): 2652361. 
Citation: Hassan M Al-Dakhlan., et al. “Public Knowledge and Awareness about Parkinson’s Disease in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia”. EC Neurology 12.1 (2020): 01-10.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

December Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the December issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 17, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to