Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 2 - 2020
Assessment of Awareness Level toward Down Syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Abdullah Faisal Shalabi1*, Ohood Abdulraouf Sharouro2, Rahaf Hameed M Sibaa2, Shrouk Bander N Alalida2, Nawal Zayed M Alammar3, Faisal Abdullah Almoumen4, Bakur Kamil Abbas Tamim2, Yaseen Saddiq Natto5, Rawan Eid Beesh Alamri1 and Mohammed Abdulaziz Alkhalifah6
1Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Al-Qassim University, Alrass, Alqassim, Saudi Arabia
4Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
5Um Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
6Imam Mohammed Bin Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author:Abdullah Faisal Shalabi, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 20, 2019; Published: April 29, 2020




Abstract

Background: Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects physical and mental development. It's the most prevalent chromosomal disorder. The worldwide incidence of this syndrome is 1 in 1000 births and increases exponentially with the maternal age. This study aims to assess the awareness level toward Down syndrome among females attending to the primary health care centers. As perceptions of the disease and the public attitudes towards people with Down syndrome are very important in the community. 

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 402 female in primary health care centers. data was collected by using cluster sampling method and self-administrated pre-tested questionnaire from 2018 to 2019. 

Results: Among total of 402 females who answered the questionnaires, the mean age was 35 years found that the awareness of Down syndrome was moderate with 61.4%. However, about the third of the females had low awareness 38.1%. Whilst, only 0.5% of them had high awareness score about Down syndrome. Of 402 participant's education level, 20% were attended college, 5% with postgraduate degree, 70% completed high school, and 5% with primary school. 

Conclusion: This study indicated that awareness of Down syndrome among female was moderate. Furthermore, there is Significant association between education and awareness, and there is no significant association between age and awareness. 

Keywords: Down Syndrome; Awareness; Saudi Arabia

References

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Citation: Abdullah Faisal Shalabi., et al. “Assessment of Awareness Level toward Down Syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. EC Neurology 12.5 (2020): 01-08.

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