Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 2 - 2020
Assessment of Awareness Level toward Down Syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Hamed Abdulrahman Alabad1*, Sajjad Naji Alkhalifah1, Ahmed Mustafa Alhamrani1, Turki Sanat Alharbi2, Fahd Saud Almesned3, Abdulmohsen Mohammed Hamdi4, Maha Abdullah Alharbi5, Fahd Abdullah Alangari7, Jawaher Abdulmonem Alkhars1 and Haytham Bager Alsanna6
1Medical Intern, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
2Emergency Resident, Albadaea Hospital, Ministry Of Health, Saudi Arabia
3Medical Intern, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
4Generel Practitioner, Batterjee Medical College Graduate, Saudi Arabia
5Generel Practitioner, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University Graduate, Saudi Arabia
6Generel Practitioner, Jordan University Of Science And Technology Graduate, Jordan
7Nephrology resident, king Salman center for kidney disease, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author:Hamed Abdulrahman Alabad, Medical Intern, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 20, 2019; Published: April 29, 2020


Background: Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects physical and mental development. It's the most prevalent chromosomal disorder. The worldwide incidence of this syndrome is 1 in 1000 births and increases exponentially with the maternal age. This study aims to assess the awareness level toward Down syndrome among females attending to the primary health care centers. As perceptions of the disease and the public attitudes towards people with Down syndrome are very important in the community. 

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 402 female in primary health care centers. data was collected by using cluster sampling method and self-administrated pre-tested questionnaire from 2018 to 2019. 

Results: Among total of 402 females who answered the questionnaires, the mean age was 35 years found that the awareness of Down syndrome was moderate with 61.4%. However, about the third of the females had low awareness 38.1%. Whilst, only 0.5% of them had high awareness score about Down syndrome. Of 402 participant's education level, 20% were attended college, 5% with postgraduate degree, 70% completed high school, and 5% with primary school. 

Conclusion: This study indicated that awareness of Down syndrome among female was moderate. Furthermore, there is Significant association between education and awareness, and there is no significant association between age and awareness. 

Keywords: Down Syndrome; Awareness; Saudi Arabia


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Citation: Hamed Abdulrahman Alabad., et al. “Assessment of Awareness Level toward Down Syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. EC Neurology 12.5 (2020): 01-08.

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