Research Article
Volume 14 Issue 4 - 2022
Assessment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea among Adult Hypertensive Patients on Follow Up at Jimma Medical Center

Tesema Etefa1*, Urge Gerema1, Mengistu Ayele1, Bekalu Getachew1, Diriba Dereje2, Niguse Hamba1 and Solomon Tesfaye1

1Department of Biomedical Sciences (Anatomy), College of Medical Sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

2Department of Biomedical Sciences (Physiology), College of Medical Sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Tesema Etefa, Department of Biomedical Sciences (Anatomy), College of Medical Sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Received: December 03, 2021; Published: March 28, 2022




Abstract

Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder in which air flow narrows or almost ceases. The pathophysiology of OSA-related health problems is most significantly associated intermittent hypoxia, which causes damage to cell functions. Determinants of the OSA were not identified in our study geographical area.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess obstructive sleep apnea among adult hypertensive patients on follows up at Jimma Medical center (JMC) 2020.

Methodology: An institution-based descriptive cross-sectional study design was carried out at the JMC Clinic for Chronic Follow-up Care. All hypertensive patients who attended the JMC's Chronic Follow-up Clinic were our baseline populations, while those who gave their consent and met our inclusion criteria during the study period were enrolled as study participants. The data were cleaned and entered the computer using Epidata version 3.1 and exported to the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 for analysis. Frequency, percentage and mean were calculated for descriptive statistics.

Result: A total of 291 adult hypertension patients with follow-up care at the JMC were included in the study, comprising 155 (53.3%) men and 136 (46.7%) women. The age of the participants ranged from 28 to 74years, and the mean age was 51 years. Of the 291 hypertensive patients screened for OSA using the STOP Bang questionnaire, 187 (64.3%) were classified as high risk for OSA.

Conclusion: The present study shows that the prevalence of OSA is considerably high, with remarkable fluctuations and increases in age and gender. Men are most affected by OSA compared to women.

 

Keywords: Obstructive Sleep Apnea; Prevalence; Hypertension; Ethiopia

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Citation: Tesema Etefa., et al. “Assessment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea among Adult Hypertensive Patients on Follow Up at Jimma Medical Center”. EC Neurology 14.4 (2022): 05-13.

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