Review Article
Volume 13 Issue 11 - 2021
Decision-Making and the Time Paradigm Problem: A Commentary on the Free Will/Determinism Debate
Joshua D Rizak*
Laboratory of Electromagnetic and Gravity Integration, R.A.S. Innovation, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
*Corresponding Author: Joshua D Rizak, Laboratory of Electromagnetic and Gravity Integration, R.A.S. Innovation, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Received: September 02, 2021; Published: October 29, 2021


A significant debate on decision-making and the notion of free-will has been shifted in the neuroscience community towards a deterministic nature due to previous experiments demonstrating brain activity engagement prior to conscious decision-making. However, modern interpretations of physical reality pertaining to quantum and relativistic theories has created complicated and controversial views of time. These views have vast implications within the scientific method that are referred to within as the Time Paradigm Problem. This essay explores the relationship between time and charge by revisiting the development of modern physical theory within a historical context. In doing so, an alternative interpretation of the charge-time relationship has been presented within a time-symmetrical nature that postulates a “unification” of time and charge. Within this context, previous neuroscientific results presenting a deterministic nature are reinterpreted colloquially to suggest these results may be an artifact of the experimental design and a consequence of misunderstanding nature’s time.

Keywords: Decision-making; Time; Charge; Symmetry; Neuroscience; Physics; Time Paradigm Problem


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Citation: Joshua D Rizak. “Decision-Making and the Time Paradigm Problem: A Commentary on the Free Will/Determinism Debate”. EC Neurology 13.11 (2021): 35-40.

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