Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 8 - 2021
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Public Transport Drivers towards COVID-19 Transmission and its Protective Measures in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia
Endriyas Kelta1, Bekelu Teka2, Minale Fekadie3, Masrie Getnet4 and Diriba Dereje3*
1Assistant Professor, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia, Ethiopia
2Lecturer, Department of Population and Family Health, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia, Ethiopia
3Lecturer, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia, Ethiopia
4Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author:Diriba Dereje, Lecturer, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia, Ethiopia.
Received: August 07, 2021; Published: August 28, 2021




Abstract

Background: Corona Virus disease (COVID-19) is a public health emergency of international concern. It has huge stress on global health systems and economies of all countries in the world. In the developing countries, where the health system has been already fragile it has the double burden and more challenging. There is an increased risk of COVID-19 with the use of public transportation. The best option in halting its transmission in public transport is by increasing the public transport drivers’ knowledge, attitude and practice on its preventive measures. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of public transport drivers towards COVID-19 transmission and its protective measures in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was conducted from August 15 /2020 to September 15/2020. The data was collected through face-to-face interviews by using structured and pretested questionnaires. After the data was cleaned and checked for completeness and consistency, the analysis was performed by using SPSS version 24. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was conducted to determine a statistically significant association between dependent and independent variables. Factors with a p-value < 0.25 in the bivariate logistic regression were taken as the candidate for multiple logistic regressions. Variables at p< 0.05 on multivariate logistic regression were considered statistically significant.

Results: A total of 624 participants were enrolled and resulted in 1.6% non-response rates. The mean age of the respondents was 28.11 ± 4.89 in years. About 56.3%, 46.5%, 44.4% of respondents respectively have good knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 transmission and its protective measures. Having health insurance was a predictor of poor knowledge [p = 000, OR = 4.756, CI = (2.466, 9.712)] of public transport drivers towards COVID-19 transmission and its protective measures. More than 10 hours duration of deriving [p = .000, OR = 11.630, CI = (7.688, 17.598)] was a predictor of poor attitude, and age between 25 to 30 years [p = .033, OR = .602, CI = (.378, .959)] is significantly associated with poor attitude towards COVID-19 transmission and its protective measures. Similarly, having health insurance [p = .000, OR = .306, CI = (.211, .444)] was significantly associated with the poor practice of public transport drivers towards COVID-19 transmission and its protective measures. Cigarette smoking [p = .010, OR = .065, CI = (.008, .522)] was significantly associated with the poor practice of public transport drivers towards COVID-19 transmission and its protective measures.

Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude, and practice of public transport drivers’ towards Covid-19 transmission and its protective measures were low. Further training should be conducted to upgrade the public transport driver’s knowledge, attitude, and practices towards COVID-19 transmission and its protective measures. And also researchers were recommended to undertake prospective interventional studies.

 

Keywords: Corona Virus; COVID-19; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome; Transport Driver; Ethiopia

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Citation: Diriba Dereje., et al. “Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Public Transport Drivers towards COVID-19 Transmission and its Protective Measures in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia”. EC Neurology 13.9 (2021): 55-70.

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