Research Article
Volume 13 Issue 7 - 2021
The Relationship between Psychomotor Speed and Shift Attention with Response Inhibition in Adults
Vahid Rezaeikachi1 and Elham Foroozandeh2*
1Ph.D. candidate of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Naein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Naein, Iran
2Department of Psychology, Naein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Naein, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Elham Foroozandeh, Department of Psychology, Naein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Naein, Iran.
Received: December 16, 2020; Published: June 30, 2021




Abstract

Psychomotor speed and the ability of shift attention along with response inhibition are among neurological abilities influencing cognitive processes. The population included 138 adults (male = 63, female = 75) selected by convenience random sampling. The participants were asked to complete the TMT and Stroop color-word test assignments to measure psychomotor speed and shift attention at the highest possible speed. Then, the time was recorded and the results were analyzed using ANOVA. Based on the results, a positive correlation was observed between parts A and B of TMT test and between first and second parts in Stroop test (p < 0.01). In addition, good performance in one part predicts good performance in the next part of the same test, and vice versa. Further, a positive correlation was reported between part A of TMT test and the first and second Stroop color-word test (p < 0.05). Further, in the second part of the Stroop test, a significant difference was observed in performance between men and women (p < 0.05) indicating that men perform better in keeping their attention on a task and disturbing stimuli have less effect on their work process. However, a significant difference was reported between men and women in other parts of the tests (p < 0.05). Thus, it seems that doing different tasks well influences psychomotor speed and attentional shift in performance of the person. Finally, men have better performance in constant attention to stimuli.

Keywords: Selective Attention; Trail Making Test; Response Inhibition

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Citation: Vahid Rezaeikachi and Elham Foroozandeh. “The Relationship between Psychomotor Speed and Shift Attention with Response Inhibition in Adults”. EC Neurology 13.7 (2021): 01-08.

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