Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 3 - 2021
A Practical Guide to Electroanalgesia and Laser Therapy in Acute and Chronic Pain Management
Nicholas A Kerna1,2*, Uzoamaka Nwokorie3, Abdullah Hafid4, Kevin D Pruitt5, Raymond Nomel6, Rashad Roberson7, Sahalia Rashid8, Fernand Jean-Baptiste9 and John V Flores10,11
1SMC–Medical Research, Thailand
2First InterHealth Group, Thailand
3University of Washington, USA
4Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine (AIHM), USA
5Kemet Medical Consultants, USA
6All Saints University, College of Medicine, St. Vincent and the Grenadines
7Georgetown American University, College of Medicine, Guyana
8All Saints University School of Medicine, Dominica
9Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, USA
10Beverly Hills Wellness Surgical Institute, USA
11Orange Partners Surgicenter, USA
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, (mailing address) POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: December 31, 2020; Published: February 27, 2021


Acute and chronic pain management is demanding for many healthcare professionals and their patients. Patients need relief. However, physicians must balance the therapeutic benefits of such therapy with the potential or actual adverse effects, including drug dependence, overdose and unintended death. The opioid crisis has reached epidemic proportions, resulting in considerable and unnecessary loss of life. This crisis and other adverse effects of pain medications necessitates applying an individualized, multimodal, and multidisciplinary approach to pain management. Effective non-pharmacological options should be considered and utilized to a greater extent—than they currently are—for more efficacious results for the patient and stem the tidal wave tide of drug dependence and addiction. Electricity has been used for pain relief since ancient times and is becoming more widely used today. Many healthcare providers have heard about electroanalgesia but may know little about how electroanalgesia works (its mechanisms of action), its indications and contraindications, what devices are available, and how to integrate electroanalgesia and electrotherapy into their practices for the benefit of specific, acute and chronic pain patients. This review aims to bridge this knowledge and know-how gap regarding electroanalgesia and electrotherapy by providing an overview of five types of electroanalgesia currently used clinically and how to integrate such therapies into practice; these five types being electroacupuncture (EA), ultrasound-guided acupotomy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) and peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS).

Keywords: Analgesia; Busy Line-Effect; Electroacupuncture; Pain; Electrotherapy; Laser; Opioid Crises; Transcutaneous


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Citation: Kerna NA, Nwokorie U, Hafid A, Pruitt KD, Nomel R, Roberson R, Rahid S, Jean-Baptiste F, Flores JV. “A Practical Guide to Electroanalgesia and Laser Therapy in Acute and Chronic Pain Management”. EC Neurology 13.4 (2021): 117-127.

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