Review Article
Volume 12 Issue 11 - 2020
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome among the Visitors of Primary Healthcare Centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Parameaswari P Jaganathan1*, Abdulaziz Ahmed AlJasser2, Sarah Abdullah AlKahtani3, Naif Abdurhman Alrudian4, Yazeed Musaad Alkhuzim5, Rawan Khalid Aloteebi6, Mohamed Salih Abdalla Elamin7, Lujain Khalid Almajed8, Saad Mohammed Alalyani8, Sultan Mohammed Alotaibi8 and Ahmed Hasan Althobaiti9
1Research and Innovation Center, King Saud Medical City, MOH, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2King Fahad Medical City, MOH, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Medical Intern, Al Mareefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4Family Medicine and Public Health Lecturer, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine: Al-Kharj, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5General Practitioner Resident at Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6Medical Intern, Al Mareefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
7Surgery Resident, Care National Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
8Medical Student, Al Mareefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
9Neurology Consultant, Medicine/Neurology, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Parameaswari P Jaganathan, Consultant-Research and Innovation Center, Data Manager- Saudi Trauma Registry, King Saud Medical City, MOH, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Received: November 06, 2020; Published: November 30, 2020




Abstract

Everyone has to be techy savvy, frequent use of computers, handheld gadgets in routine life are inevitable and one of the Public health concerns. Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common peripheral nerve disorder, the main entrapment of the median nerve at the wrist. Our study aimed to estimate the prevalence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) and its associated factors among the visitors of Primary health care canters in Riyadh city. A Cross-Sectional Study was conducted by personal interview method using a structured questionnaire from June 2018 until Dec 2019 among 1292 visitors. Participants were selected at random with their consent and included in the study. The data was analyzed using SPSS 25.0, Parametric- t-test, ANOVA, Correlation - Chi-Square, Mann Whitney tests and Multivariate Logistic Regression analysis was performed at a 5% level. The present study revealed that the prevalence of CTS in the community was 11.6%, and males had more than a two-fold risk of developing CTS symptoms than females. The correlation between Functional Status Score and BMI was moderately positive with r = +0.678 (P = 0.009). The multivariate logistic regression predicted the risk factors of CTS as frequent use of the right hand with OR = 4.4 (1.8 - 9.2), using computers in office more than 6 hours per day increased the risk to OR = 4.8 (1.9 - 12.5) times. Among those detected with CTS, 72% had pain episodes between 10 to 60 minutes during daytime, 68% had moderate to severe numbness in their hand, and 54.7% had severe numbness or tingling at night. Our study exposed Obesity, long hours of work in computer/laptop, and use of mobile were robust risk factors influencing CTS in the general population. More programs should be designed to elicit various occupational factors leading to CTS.

Keywords: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; Cross-Sectional Study; Personal Interview Method; Symptom Severity Score

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Citation: Parameaswari P Jaganathan., et al. “Carpal Tunnel Syndrome among the Visitors of Primary Healthcare Centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. EC Neurology 12.12 (2020): 123-134.

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