Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 10 - 2020
Assessment of Serum Electrolyte Disorders and Associated Factors among Patients with Neurologic Diseases Admitted to Jimma Medical Center, South West Ethiopia
Lemlemu Maru1, Chala Kenenisa Edae2*, Samuel Abebe1, Wondu Reta1, Endriyas Kelta Wabalo2, Almaz Bedane1, Moyeta Bariso1, Amare Abera1, Gadisa Bedada3 and Belay Zawdie Wondimu2
1Department of Biomedical Sciences, Physiology Unit, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Ethiopia
2Department of Biomedical Sciences, Medical Biochemistry Unit, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Ethiopia
3Department of Nursing Institute of Health, Jimma University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Chala Kenenisa Edae, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Medical Biochemistry Unit, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
Received: October 19, 2020; Published: November 26, 2020




Abstract

Background: Electrolyte disorder is the most frequent systemic complication in patients with neurologic diseases. Disorders of sodium and potassium concentration are the most common electrolyte abnormalities and may contribute to mortality unless corrected urgently.

Objective: To assess the magnitude of serum electrolyte (sodium, potassium, calcium, and chloride) disorders and associated factors among adult patients with neurologic diseases admitted to Jimma Medical Center.

Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among selected 119 adult neurologic patients by using stratified sampling technique. Blood was drawn from patients with neurologic diseases, centrifuged and level of serum electrolyte (Na, K, Cl and Ca) was determined. Data was fed into epidata 4.4.2.win 64 and exported to SPSS version 20. Binary logistic regression was used to identify the associated factors to electrolyte disorder. Data was expressed in percentage, mean, ± SD and P-value ≤ 0.05 considered as a statistically significant. Data was presented with text, tables.

Results: The prevalence of at least one electrolyte disorder was 71.4%. The prevalence of hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia, hyperchloremia, hypocalcemia, hypernatremia and hyperkalemia were seen in 37%, 35.3%, 21.8%, 19.3%, 16%,14.3% and 1.7%, of patients), respectively. Hypercalcemia was not found. Occupation, comatose state, taking intravenous fluids, taking thiazides, both antibiotics and analgesics, history of chronic diseases like hypertension and diabetes were factors associated with serum electrolyte disorders.

Conclusion and Recommendation: Hyponatremia and hypokalemia were common electrolyte disorders. Therefore, early screening or measurement of serum electrolyte should be done for high risk groups.

Keywords: Prevalence; Electrolyte Disorders; Associated Factors; Neurologic Diseases; JMC

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Citation: Chala Kenenisa Edae., et al. ““Assessment of Serum Electrolyte Disorders and Associated Factors among Patients with Neurologic Diseases Admitted to Jimma Medical Center, South West Ethiopia”. EC Neurology 12.12 (2020): 03-19.

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