Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 10 - 2020
The Effectiveness of Mirror Therapy in Stroke Rehabilitation: Current Perspective Review
Muslim Khan1*, Sajida Mazhar2, Mahboob-Ur-Rahman3, Muhammad Bin Afsar Jan4, Yousaf Khan5, Zahid Rahman5, Syed Hamid Habib6, Zilli Huma7, Muhammad Salim Javed Ghandapur8 and Yousaf Ali9
1Assistant Professor, Iqra National University-Swat, Pakistan
2Assistant Professor, IPMR-Khyber Medical University Peshawar, Pakistan
3CEO-Mahboob Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan
4Director RCRS-Rahman Medical Institute (RMI), Peshawar, Pakistan
5Lecturer, IPMS-Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan
6Assistant Professor, IBMS-Khyber Medical University Peshawar, Pakistan
7Associate Professor, IBMS-Khyber Medical University Peshawar, Pakistan
8Director-Swat Campus, Iqra National University, Swat, Pakistan
9HOD-Physiotherapy Department, Hayatabad Medical Complex (HMC), Peshawar, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Muslim Khan, Assistant Professor, Iqra National University-Swat, Pakistan.
Received: August 19, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020




Abstract

As compared to the other stroke-related therapies Mirror therapy (MT) in the stroke rehabilitation can be used in all type of stroke survivors (severe and non-severe) visual stimulus is being used for initiating a desirable motor response in limbs of the stroke patient. Literature shows that MT has considerable measurable effects on the motor impairments, visuospatial neglect, sensory impairment and pain/discomfort. This paper is a review of the current perspective and understanding on the MT in the rehabilitation of the stroke survivors. An electronic data base search across the Pub Med, Google Scholar, and Science direct, Cochrane etc. generated 3871 result. Based on the inclusion criteria’s set for the study, 35 studies were included in this review after the systematic filtration of the papers. The collected data were divided on the basis of the it’s (MT) application in the stroke rehabilitation, its intervention’s mode, dosage, type of control and outcome assessment. We found that majority of the selected studies were intervened for motor impairment mostly in the stroke survivors within the upper limb. Studies were categorized in to groups based on the intervention between chronic and acute phase stroke with the therapy duration 1 - 8 weeks. Across all the selected studies MT showed significant motor improvement than the sensory improvement in the stroke survivors. The effectiveness and feasibility of MT has been reported (both for the patients and staff) and commonly used therapeutic approach in the rehabilitation of the post-stroke survivors in all stroke’s stages. However, ADLs based longer term effectiveness of MT and on overall health needs to be further investigated and documented.

Keywords: Mirror Therapy; Stroke Rehabilitation; Motor Impairment; Sensory Impairment; Pain; Unilateral Neglect; Hemi-Neglect

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Citation: Muslim Khan., et al. “The Effectiveness of Mirror Therapy in Stroke Rehabilitation: Current Perspective Review”. EC Dental Science 12.10 (2020): 69-80.

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